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121 Cards in this Set

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Genius was for Language
Bertolt Brecht
His plays often lose something in the translation from his Native German
Bertolt Brecht
He didn't want the audience to feel emotions - he wanted them to think.
Bertolt Brecht
His technique was known as the "alienation effect"
Bertolt Brecht
Each of his television episodes ended with a dialogue where he asked his wife to say "goodnight"
George Burns
His 38 year message ended with his wife's death
George Burns
Was in a movie called "Oh, God!"
George Burns
At the age of 80, he became the oldest recipient of an oscar for his role in "The Sunshine Boys"
George Burns
Was the author of 10 books and also won a grammy at the age of 79.
George Burns
He was identified by his trademark cigar and televised his 90th, 95th, and 100th birthday
George Burns
Was a Kennedy Center Honoree
George Burns
His iconic alter ego was known as Charlie.
Charlie Chaplin
His notion of a tramp character evolved from his fondness for such usually type-cast characters as they appeared in comics.
Charlie Chaplin
He was childlike in his utter lack of inhibition
Charlie Chaplin
He had important physical techniquies for gaining audience identification
Charlie Chaplin
His mood swings worked as laughable suprises when joy suddenly supplanted grief
Charlie Chaplin
"The Tramp" was the first film in which his direction was given free reigh
Charlie Chaplin
His perfection of the "french" Kick, or rabbit kick, the moustache wiggle and other simple choreographed moves broadly expressed a childish enthusiasm that enabled him to bond with his audience
Charlie Chaplin
grew up in England and Canada
Caryl Churchill
Wrote three plays: "Downstairs," "you've no need to be frightened," and "having a wonderful time"
Caryl Churchill
Served as resident dramatist at the Royal Court theater from 1974-1975
Caryl Churchill
continued to utilize an improvisational workshop setting in the development of some of her plays
Caryl Churchill
in "The Skriker" (1994), she utilizes an associative dream logic which some critics found to be nonsensicle
Caryl Churchill
Married David Harter in 1961 and had 3 sons
Caryl Churchill
Her awards include three obie awards and a society of West End Theater Award
Caryl Churchill
Her 2002 play, "A Number" adresses the subject of Human cloning
Caryl Churchill
Wrote "Three Sisters"
Anton Chekov
Wrote "Uncle Vanya"
Anton Chekov
Wrote "the cherry orchard"
Anton Chekov
Wrote "the seagull"
Anton Chekov
Said: "All i wanted was to ssay honestly to people: 'Have a look at yourselve and see how bad and dreary your lives are!'"
Anton Chekov
During his final years, he wa forced to live in exile from the intellectuals of moscow
Anton Chekov
He died of tuberculosis on July 14, 1904, at the age of 44, in a German Health resort and was buried in Moscow.
Anton Chekov
He has come to be considered the greatest Russian storyteller and dramatist of modern times.
Anton Chekov
Deeply commited to the black struggle for equality and human rights.
Lorraine Hansbury
Her Brilliant career as a writer was cut short by her death when she was only 35
Lorraine Hansbury
"A Raisin in the Sun" was the first play written by a Black woman to be produced on Broadway
Lorraine Hansbury
She was the youngest and the first black writer to recieve the New York Drama Critics Circle Award
Lorraine Hansbury
Her purpose was to show "the many gradatians in even one negro family"
Lorraine Hansbury
Directed "The Birds" (1963)
Alfred Hitchcock
Directed "psycho" (1960)
Alfred Hitchcock
Directed "Vertigo" (1958)
Alfred Hitchcock
Directed "Rear Window" (1954)
Alfred Hitchcock
Directed "Dial M for Murder" (1954)
Alfred Hitchcock
Directed "The 39 Steps" (1935)
Alfred Hitchcock
Went on to become the most widely known and influential director in the history of the world cinema witha significant body of work produced over 50 years
Alfred Hitchcock
Norwegian dramatist considered the shakespeare of the modern era for his realistic portrayls of social problems that possessed a psychological depth that forced the European middle clss to conform themselves and the faulty aspects of their value system.
Henrik Ibsen
Said: "I hold that man is the right who is most closely in league with the future."
Henrik Ibsen
With the help of a famous violinist, he became a playwright in residence with the norwegian theater in Bergen, where he was expected to produce atleast a play a year about the glories of Norwegian History.
Henrik Ibsen
In 1857, he married Suzannah Thoreson, a prototypical 'liberated woman' that would later criticize in some of his most famous plays
Henrik Ibsen
He petitioned the Norwegian government to supply financial support so he could travel and devote himself to writing.
Henrik Ibsen
His controversial contemporary domestic drama, "a doll's house," caused a stir throughout europe and ushed in the age of Realism in theater.
Henrik Ibsen
His themes: injustice and falsity of middle class social conventions
Henrik Ibsen
his style: his early period was characterized by an extensive use of symbolism, native myths and religous concerns in plays that were intended to be read rather than performed.
Henrik Ibsen
Major works: "Brand," "Peer Gynt," and Hedda Gabler"
Henrik Ibsen
"__________ ___________ is a talented shit," quipped Kirk Douglas after working on "Sparticus" with him as the director.
Stanley Kubrick
He butted heads with many well-respected people in hollywood and he always demanded respect when he was on the set
Stanley Kubrick
Although his attendence at school was poor, he never failed to miss a movie at the local theaters.
Stanley Kubrick
He told Bernard Weinraub of the "New york Times" that watching poorly made films sparked his interests.
Stanley Kubrick
Directed "eyes Wide Shut" (1999)
Stanley Kubrick
Directed "Full Metal Jacket" (1987)
Stanley Kubrick
Directed "The Shining" (1980)
Stanley Kubrick
Directed "A clockwork Orange" (1971)
Stanley Kubrick
Directed "2001: A Space Odyssey" (1968)
Stanley Kubrick
Is concerned with moral responsiblilty during politically repressive times
Tony Kushner
Creates Everyday characters who collide both comically and tragically on stage
Tony Kushner
jewish socialist raised in louisiana
Tony Kushner
Two-part, Broadway production of "Angels In America" has recieved a Pulitzer Prize, two Tony Awards, Two drama Desk awards, ect.
Tony Kushner
Has written a screenplay for a film directed by Steven Spielberg which chronicles the events of the 1972 Munich Olympics (projected release date 2005)
Tony Kushner
Said: "The American Dream is the largely unacknowledged screen infront of which all american writing plays itself out"
Arther Miller
In his more than thirty plays, which have won him a Pulitzer prize and Multiple tony awards, he puts in question "Death and Betrayl and injustice and how we are to account for this little life of ours"
Arther Miller
For nearly 6 decades, he has been creating characters that wrestle with power conflicts, personal and social responsibilty, the repercussions of past actions, and the twin poles of guilt and hope
Arther Miller
He once said he thought theater could "change the world"
Arther Miller
"The Crucible," which premiered in 1953, is a fictionalization of the Salem witch hunts of 1962, but also deals in an allegorical manner with the house of Un-american Activities Committee.
Arther Miller
"Death of a Salesman" went on to become his most celebrated and most produced play, which he directed at the people's art theater in Beijing in 1983.
Arther Miller
A modern tragedian, he says he looks to the greeks for inspiration, particularly sophoclese.
Arther Miller
"Death of a salesman," which opened in 1949, tells the story of Willy Lowman, an aging salesman who makes his way "on a smile and a shoeshine"
Arther Miller
He was supoenaed by the house of Un-American Activities Committee and was convicted of contempt of congress for his refusal to identify writers who believed to hold communist sympathies.
Arther Miller
Was married to Marilyn Monroe
Arther Miller
"Timebends" was his autobiography
Arther Miller
His writing has earned him a lifetime of honors, including the pulitzer prize, seven tony awards, 2 drama critics circle awards, ect.
Arther Miller
Despite the best efforts of his family, he was immutable detined, it seems, for the theatre
Molliere
Having stumbled into a friendship with the Bejart family, a theatre dynasty of the day- and being very taken with a daughter of the family, Madeline, he set his eyes on the stage.
Molliere
He obtained the patronage of Monsieur, Louis XIV's Brother
Molliere
Louis also comissioned him to write and stage many comedies, ballets, royal entertainments, iintermingling dialogue, song and dance, performed in palace settings, often featuring members of the courst.
Molliere
He wrote "Dom Juan," "The Learned Ladies," and his final opus "The Hypochondriac"
Molliere
A man of theatre to the end, he insisted on performing in that last piece, despite an advanced pulmonary condition.
Molliere
He began coughing blood during the fourth performance, but finished the show, and died mere hours later
Molliere
Though he originally denied burial on church property, because of his status as an actor who had never renounced the profession, his long-time patron and defende, louis, by we know not what machinations, was able to have his remains transferred to holy ground.
Molliere
British actor and Director
Laurence Olivier
Was the founding director of the British National Theater and was hailed by many as the greatest actor of the 20th century.
Laurence Olivier
He dazzled audiences with brilliant acting, athleticism, and techniques.
Laurence Olivier
His breakthrough came in Romeo and Juiliet (1935) in which he alternated the roles of Romeo and Mercutio with John Gielgud
Laurence Olivier
He gained international movie stardom and the first of 10 academy award nominations for his portrayl of Heathcliff in wuthering Heights (1939)
Laurence Olivier
He had other romantic leads in Rebecca and Pride and Prejudice (both 1940)
Laurence Olivier
He specialized in shakesperian roles, many of which he transferred to the screen, both as actor and director.
Laurence Olivier
He starred in several plays and films with his econd wife, viven leigh (Scarlett, Gone with the wind)
Laurence Olivier
Foremost american dramatist and winner of the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1936
Eugene O'Neill
His masterpiece was "Long Day's Journey into the night" (Produced posthumously in 1956)
Eugene O'Neill
He was born into the theater
Eugene O'Neill
His first efforts were akward melodramas, but they were about people and subjects- prostitutes, derelicts, lonely sailors, God's injustice to man- that had, up to that time, been in province of serious novels and were not considered fit subjects for presentation on the American stage.
Eugene O'Neill
"Beyond the Horizon" Impressed the critics with its tragic realism, won for him the first of 4 Pulitzer Prizes in drama -- others were Anna Christie, Strange Interlude, And Long Day's journey into Night
Eugene O'Neill
His plays were written from an intensely personal point of view, deriving directly from the scarring effect of his family's tragic relationships--hismother and father, who loved and tormented eachother; his older brother, who loved and corrupted him and died of alcoholism in middle age, and he himself, caught and torn between all three, and rage at all three.
Eugene O'Neill
His tragic view of life was perpetuated in his relationships with the three women he married-- two of whom he divorced-- and with his 3 children.
Eugene O'Neill
His elder son Committed suicide at 40.
Eugene O'Neill
His daughter, Oona, was cut out of his life when, at 18, she infuriated him by marrying Charlie Chaplin, who was his own age.
Eugene O'Neill
He was the first American dramatist to regard the stage as a literary medium and the only American playwright ever to recieve the Nobel Prize for Literature.
Eugene O'Neill
The British Playwright
John Osborne
His Play, "the Entertainer," presented a portrait of an aging comic.
John Osborne
Three other successful plays: "Luther," "Inadmissable Evidence," and "A Patriot."
John Osborne
English Playwright who achieved international success as one of the most complex post-World War II dramatists
Harold Pinter
His plays are noted for their use of silence to increase tension, understatement, and cryptic small talk.
Harold Pinter
His themes are recognizable- nameless menace, erotic fantasy, obsession and jealousy, family hatred, and Mental Disturbance.
Harold Pinter
In 2005, he was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature
Harold Pinter
Quote: "I dont know how music can influence writing, but it has been very important for me, both jazz and classical music. I feel a sense of music continually in writing, which is a different matter from having been influenced by it."
Harold Pinter
"The Room" originally written for Bristol University's drama department, was finished in four days.
Harold Pinter
"A slight Ache," His first radio Piece, was broadcast on the BBC in 1959.
Harold Pinter
His major plays are usually set in a single room, whose occupants are threatened by forces or people who precise intentions neither the charcters nor audience can define.
Harold Pinter
Often his characters are engaged in a struggle for survival or identity.
Harold Pinter
"The Homecoming" the story of an enstranged son who brings his wife home to meet family, is perhaps the most enigmatic of all his works and won a Tony Award, the Whitbread Anglo-American Theater Award, and the New York Drama Critics' Circle Award.
Harold Pinter
He has written a number of screen plays: The Last Tycoon, and the French Lieutenant's Woman
Harold Pinter