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45 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Prevalence of childhood disorders
1 in 5 kids has a mental health problem
10-20% has specific diagnosis
General Treatment
75% don't recieve appropriate treatment
Resilience
Most will NOT outgrow problems
Who is at risk?
Poverty 1 in 6
Maltreated
low birth weight
parents with criminal histories
Multifinality
similar experiences lead to different outcomes
Equifinality
Differenent factors lead to similar outcome
challenges minorities face
exlusion from societal benefits and poverty
behavioral indicators of disorders
intensity
rate
duration
inappropriate context
abrupt changes
several problems
qualitatively different behavior
gender differences reguarding disorders
prevalence
expression of disorders
bias in reporting and bias in samples
table where disorders are more prevalent in males vs. females
Females:
Rett's disorder
anxieties and fears
depression
eating disorders
Behavioral Model
ucs=loud noise
cs (neutral)=white rat
ucr=fear
cr=fear
operant conditioning
positive and negative reinforcement
extinction and punishment
positive vs. negative
Positive Reinforcement-giving something
Negative Reinforcement-take something to increase behavior
reinforcement vs. punishment
reinforcement increases behavior
punishment decreases behavior
Cognitive model: observational learning
watch model and imitate
attention
retention
reproduction
motivation
self efficacy
perception of the reality of acheiving goals
Piaget stage description
sensorimotor- 2 years (object permanence

preoperational-2-7(symbolic functions, language and numbers)

concrete operational-7-11(beginning to reason. here and now only

Formal operational 12+ (abstarct thinking, hypothetical deductive reasoning)
assimilation vs. accommodation
Assimilation-squeezing new info into an old file

Accommodation-making a new file
locus of control
belief about whether the outcomes of our actions are contingent on what we do (internal control orientation) or on events outside our personal control (external control orientation)
learned helpessness
an external way of looking at things (there is nothing I can do)
attributional style
the way you preceive success
genogram
family tree
boundaries
rigid vs enmeshed
triangulation
going through the child
discordance
quarreling or conflict in the home
child cannot meet demands of the environment
individual,micro,meso,exo,macro,chrono systems
individual-peronality/temperament, skills
micro-family,school peers
meso-parents with school
exo-parents work,extended family
macro-cultual, laws
chrono-time and development
Stages of psychosexual development (freud)
Oral
Anal
Phallic (oedipus)
latency (quiet stage)
genital (compilation of lessons
ID,EGO,SUPEREGO
ID-impulses and drives
Ego-perception,memory,reasoning (defense mechsnisms)
Superego-moral standards
defense mechanisms
manged by ego
Object relations theory
how we approach the world and attach to ohers
symbiotic phase-we think we are one with caregiver
differentiation phase-realixe we are not
practicing-practice being apart
rapprochement-feel ambivalent about being apart
splitting
all good or all bad (defense mechanism)
object constancy
what we need to develope
forms of attachment
secure
insecure
erik eriksons first few stages
trust vs. mistrust (caregivers dependable)
autonomy vs. shame (i can do it)
initiative vs. guilt (i'm ok your ok)
industry vs. inferiorty (good compared to peers
ego vs. role confusion (i know who i am and where im going
Neural plasticity
nature involves the basic processes (creation of neurons,building connections)

Nuture (environment) leads to most adaptive use of the connections
pattern of brain development
primitive area of the brain mautures first
sensory motor, limbic system

motor skills by 5-7

restructuring from 9-11 and again in adolescence
Molecular genetics
variations in genetic sequence are thought to cause the variations in that trait

identification of specific genes
Diathesis stress model
predisposition toward a disorder plus stress leads to the development of a disorder

ex. schizophrenia,depression, alcoholism
HPA axis
central component of the brain's neuroendocrine response to stress
three types of temperament
positive affect and approach (easy child)

fearful or inhibited (slow to warm up)

negative affect ot irritablity (difficult child)
temporal lobe
sounds long term memory
parietal lobe
touch,body sensations
occipital
vision
frontal
thinking, reasoning, memory,planning,decision-making
validity
etiological
concurrent
predictive