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80 Cards in this Set

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Methicillin Resistant Staph Aureus (MRSA)
Vancomycin
Bacillus cereus
Vancomycin
Clindamycin
Borrelia burgdorferi
Doxycycline

Alternative: Erythromycin
Campylobacter jejuni
Erythromycin

Alternative: any Fluoroquinolone
Candida
Skin/vagina: Miconazole

Systemic: Fluconazole
Chlamydia trachomatis
Doxycycline

Alternative: Azithromycin (noncompliant, under age 8, pregnant)
Clostridium difficile
Metronidazole

Alternative: Vancomycin

Both must be oral
Corynebacterium diphtheria
Erythromycin
Gardnerella vaginalis
Metronidazole

Alternative: Tinidazole
Hemophilus ducreyi
Azithromycin
Ceftriaxone
Hemophilus influenzae
Cefotaxime
Ceftriaxone
Mycoplasma pneumoniae
Azithromycin
Neisseria gonorrheae
Ceftriaxone

Plus Doxycycline unless Chlamydia is specifically ruled out
Neisseria meningitidis
Penicillin G
Bacillus anthracis
Penicillin (if proven sensitive)
Listeria monocytogenes
Ampicillin
Pasteurella multocida
Penicillin family drugs
Salmonella typhi
Ceftriaxone
Any Quinolone
Shigella
Azithromycin
Any Quinolone

Alternative: TMP-SMX plus Ampicillin
Treponema pallidum
Penicillin G
Trichomonas vaginalis
Metronidazole

Alternative: Tinidazole
Staphylococcus aureus
Oxacillin
Nafcillin

Dicloxacillin if on skin
Streptococcus pyogenes
Penicillin G or V
Genital warts
Podophyllin resin
Cryotherapy
Trichloroacetic acid
Group B Strep
Prophylaxis for Pregnant Women
Penicillin G during labor
Staphylococcus saprophyticus
Any Cephalosporin
Ampicillin-Clavulinic acid
Streptococcus pneumoniae
Penicillin G
Vibrio cholerae
Doxycycline
Any Fluoroquinolone
Giardia lamblia
Tinidazole
Nitazoxanide

Alternative: Metronidazole
Entamoeba histolytica
Metronidazole
Tinidazole
Ascaris lumbricoides
Albendazole
Mebendazole
Enterobius vermicularis
Mebendazole
Necator americanus
Albendazole
Mebendazole
Trichinella spiralis
Albendazole plus Prednisone
Schistosoma
Praziquantel
Diphyllobothrium latum
Praziquantel
Adenovirus (severe infection)
Cidofovir plus Probenecid
Influenza A (seasonal)
Zanamivir
Influenza B and Avian Flu (H5N1)
Oseltamivir
Zanamivir
Swine Flu (H1N1)
Oseltamivir
Measles
Vitamin A (children)
Ribavirin (adults)
Smallpox
Smallpox vaccine within 4 days of exposure plus Cidofovir
Most Fungal Infections
Fluconazole
Thrush (Candidiasis)
Fluconazole
Severe Non-Disseminated Coccidiomycosis
Fluconazole
Non-Meningitis Cryptococcal Infections
Fluconazole
Vaginal Candidiasis
Miconazole - used topically

Alternatives:
HIV Positive Patient - Nystatin (topical)
HIV Negative Patient - Fluconazole
Blastomycosis
Itraconazole

Usually preceded by a week of amphotericin therapy
Histoplasmosis
Itraconazole
Sporotrichosis
Itraconazole
Mucormycosis
(Infections caused by Rhizopus mold species)
Amphotericin B

Alternative:
Posaconazole
Aspergillosis
Voriconazole

Alternative:
Amphotericin B
Tinea Versicolor
Ketoconazole
Cryptococcal Meningitis
5-Flucytosine (5FC) PLUS Amphotericin
Onychomycosis (Fungal Nail Infection)
Terbinafine
Tinea (Ringworm)
Butenafine
Except Tinea Capitis - Terbinafine

Alternative:
Griseofulvin
Giardiasis
(Giardia lamblia)
Tinidazole

Alternate:
Metronidazole
Trichomoniasis
(Trichomonas vaginalis)
Metronidazole
Amoebiasis
(Entamoeba histolytica)
Metronidazole

Alternate:
Tinidazole
Cutaneous Leishmaniasis
(Leishmania donovani)
Stibogluconate
Mucosal or Systemic Leishmania donovani
(kala-azar)
Amphotericin B
Early Stage (Hemolymphatic Stage) East African Sleeping Sickness
(Trypanosoma brucei rhodensiense)
Suramin
Early Stage West African Sleeping Sickness
(Trypanosoma brucei gambiense)
Pentamidine

Prophylaxis and treatment
Cryptosporidosis
(Cryptosporidium species)
Nitazoxanide
Pneumocystis jiroveci
(formerly Pneumocystis carinii)
Trimethoprim-Sulfamethoxazole

Alternate:
Dapsone-Trimethoprim
Toxoplasma Encephalitis
(Toxoplasma gondii)
Trimethoprim-Sulfamethoxazole
OR
Pyrimethamine PLUS Sulfadiazine PLUS Folinic Acid
Naegleria fowleri
Amphotericin B
All Flatworm Infections
Praziquantel
Except Echinococcus granulosus (surgically removed)
Most Roundworm Infections
Albendazole or Mebendazole
Trichinosis
(Trichinella spiralis)
Albendazole PLUS Prednisone
Strongyloides stercoralis
Ivermectin
Onchocerca volvulus
6 week course of doxycycline followed by ivermectin
Wuchereria bancrofti
Diethylcarbamazine (DEC) PLUS Doxycycline
Penicillin Allergic Patients
Erythromycin
Mycoplasma pneumoniae
Macrolides (Erythromycins)
Anaerobic Infections Above the Diaphragm
Clindamycin
ALL (Acute Lymphocytic Leukemia)
6-MP
AML (Acute Myelogenous Leukemia)
Cytarabine
Testicular Cancer
Bleomycin
Vinblastine
Cisplatin
Bladder Cancer
Cisplatin