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9 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
How does helicase unwind a portion of the double helix?
Breaks H-bonds between complementary bases
What does DNA polymerase catalyze?
Makes a copy and double checks for correct base pairing - formation of phosphodiester bonds (in backbone) between nucleotides
What does semi-conservative replication produce?
two new daughter DNAs
Which strand is synthesized continuously?
leading strand (5' to 3')
How are Okazaki fragments connected?
DNA ligase - gives continuous 3' to 5' strand
What direction does the leading strand grow?
5' to 3'
What is the process of making mRNA from DNA?
Transcription
What is the process of making proteins from mRNA?
Translation
Central Dogma?
DNA --> mRNA --> proteins