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11 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What are the three categories of behavioral interventions?
1. Classical conditioning
2. operant conditioning
3. social learning theory
What is the change agent in classical conditioning?
Change is accomplished by techniques that rely either on counterconditioning or on classical extinction.
Clinical interventions based on Classical conditioning involve...
unlearning previous problematic connections (connections resulting in phobias, etc.)
What is the principle of reciprocal inhibition and what type of classical conditioning is it?
reciprocal inhibition is counterconditioning based on the principle notion that two incompatible responses cannot be experienced at the same time but rather the stronger response will inhibit the weaker (fear will inhibit pleasure). TX is on weakening the maladaptive learned or classically coniditioned response and strengthening the incompatible response (antagonistic response).
What are the 5 types of counterconditioning?
1. Reciprocal inhibition
2. Aversive conditioning
3. Systematic Desnsitization
4. Sensate Focus
5. Assertiveness Training
What is aversive conditioning?
Used exclusively to eliminate "deviant" or "bad" behaviors - drinking, smoking, fetishes. The stimulus is the cigarette and is paired with a stronger stimuls (shock) which automatically elicits a strong new negative response that is incompatible with the old conditioned response of pleasure.
What are the differences between aversive conditioning and covert sensitization?
Aversive condition is done in vivo. When done in imagination it is called covert sensitization. Example of covert - imagining cancer cells destroying the body as you inhale.
What is the efficacy of aversive conditioning with paraphilias?
Short-term benefits but not effective in the long-term. High rates of recidivism.
What is systematic desensitization?
Developed by Joseph Wolpe, it is a type of counterconditioning technique. Involves training the individual to relax deeply, constructing an anxiety heirarchy, gradual exposure to feared situation (either in vivo or in imagination) while maintaining relaxation.
What is the efficacy of systematic desensitization for treatment of specific phobias?
At one point considered the most effective procedure. More recent research concluded that exposure or flooding is more effective for specific phobias.
Describe sensate focus.
Counterconditioning therapy where sexual arousal is the counterconditioning respnse. pleasure is incompatible with performance anxiety.