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61 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Rapid acting insulins are
Lispro-humalog
Aspart-novolog
short acting insulins are
regular-human
regular-purified
NPH
NPH Lletin II (pork)
Human
Humulin N, Novolin N
Lente (insulin zinc susp)
Lente llentin II (pork)
Human
humulin L, novolin L
Ultralente (extended insulin zinc suspenion; human)
uhlimin U, ultralente
Insulin glargine
Lantus
Insulin secretagouges AE

stimulates pancreatic beta cells to secrete insulin
GI, hematologic, sulfa allergy, SIADH, wt gain, hypoglycemia
Dymelor
acetohezamide
Diabenese
chlorpropamide
Tolinase
tolazamide
Orinase
tolbutaimide
Amaryl
glimepiride
Glocotrol, Glucotrol XL
glipizide
Diabeta/ Micronase
glyburide
Glynase
glyburide micronized
enzyme inhibitors, alpha glucosidase inhibitors

MOA
delays carbohydrate metabolism and absoprtion
Precose

SE:
acarbose

GI and increased LFTs
Glyset
miglitol

GI and decrease iron
Insulin sensitizers MOA
increase hepatic and peripheral insulin sensitivity and decreases hepatic glucose production
Glucophage
metformin

GI, megaloblastic anemia, lactic acidosis
Thiazoladinediones
MOA
increases skeletal muscle, adipose tissue, and live insulin sensitivity and decreases hepatic glucose production
Actos
prioglitazone
avandia
rosiglitazone
rezulin
troglitazone
what are the SE"s of the thiazoladinediones?
edema, anemia, wt gain, exacerbation of CHF, URIs, resumption of ovulation
insulin sensitizers
meglitinides/nonsulfonylurea secretagouges

MOA
stimulates prancreatic beta cells to secrete insulin
Prandin
repaglinide
starlix
natglinide
what are the SE's of this class of drugs?

insulin sensitizers
meglitinides/nonsulfonylurea secretagouges
hypoglycemia, wt gain, URIs, GI, arthropathy, back pain, dizziness, flu symptoms
Combination therapy are
the second generation sulfonylurease or TZD and biguanides
Glucovance
glyburide and metformin
metaglip
glipizide and metformin
Avandamet
rosiglitazone and metformin
Diagnosis of hypothyroidism
plasma TSH assay is the initial test
TSH levels elevated
low plasma-free T4
levothryoxine sodium (t4)
synthroid, levthroid, levoxyl, unithroid, thyro-tabs
Armour Thyroid, nature throid, westhroid
desiccated thyroid USP
Cytomel, Triostat
liothyronine (t3)
thyrolar
liotrix (t4 and t3)
PTU
propylithiouracil
tapazole
methimazole
Lugol's Solution
Strong iodine solution
SSKI
saturated solution of potassium iodide
Nizoral
ketoconazole
cytadren
aminoglutethimide
Lysodren
Mitotane
Metopirone
Metyrapone
Cortone
cortisone
cortel, hydrocortone, solu-cortel
Hydrocortisone
Deltasone, Liquid Pred
Prednisone
Pretone, Pediapred, Delta Cortel
Prednisolone
Medrol, Solu-Medrol, Depo-Medrol, A-methapred
Methylprednisolone
Aristocort, Kenacort, Kenalog
Triamcinolone
Decadron, Dexameth, Dexone, Hexadrol
Dexamathasone
Celestone
Betamethasone
Florinel
Fludrocortisone
Costrosyn
Cosyntropin
Acthar (ACTH)
Cortosotropin
Vasopressin
Pitressin
Desmopressin
Stimate (DDAVP)