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27 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Brain drain
brightest young people leave for better jobs in western Europe
culture hearth
lots of cultures in one region
domestication
were plants and animals are purposely selected and bred for their desirable characteristics
exotic rivers
transport water and nutrients from distant, more humid lands, into drier regions
Fertile Crescent
ecologically diverse zone that stretches from the Levant land throught northern Syria into Iraq
fossil water
water supplies stored underground
Hajj
religous pilgrimage for Islam
hydropolitics
interplay of water resource issues and politics
Islamic fundamentalism
advocating a return to more traditional practices within the Muslim region
Islamism
challenges the encroachment of global popular culture and blames colonial, imperial, and Western elements for their problems
kibbutzes
collectively worked settlements that produce grain, vegetable, and orchard crops
Levant
eastern Mediterranean region
Maghreb
includes nations of Morocco, Algeria, and Tunisia and is dominated near the Mediterranean coastline by the Atlas mountains
medina
walled urban core
monotheism
a belief in one God
OPEC
these countries profoundly influence global prices and production trargets for petroleum
Ottoman Empire
included southeastern Europe and most of southwest Asia and North Africa
Palestinian Authority
government of Palestine
pastoral nomadism
traditional form of subsistence agriculture in which practitioners depend on the seasonal movement of livestock
physiological density
number of people per unit of of arable land
qanat system
tapping into groundwater through a series of gently sloping tunnels
Quran
a book of revelations received by Muhammad from Allah
Shiites
favor passing on power within Muhammad's own family
Suez Canal
links the Mediterranean and Red seas
Sunnis
advocate passing power down through the established clergy
theocratic state
where religious leaders guide policy
transhumance
the seasonal movement of animals between wet-season and dry-season pastures