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25 Cards in this Set

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African Union
a continent wide organization headquartered in Ethiopia
agricultural density
the number of farmers per unit of arable land
apartheid
an official policy of racial segregation that lasted 50 years
Berlin Conference
during this conference rules were established as to what constituted effective conrtol over a territory; Sub-Saharan Africa was carved up and traded like properties
biofuels
wood and charcoal used for household energy needs
clan
social units that are branches of a tribe or ethnic group; larger than a family
coloured
a South African term describing people of mixed African and European ancestry
desertification
the expansion of desertlike conditions as a result of human-induced degradation
Gondwanaland
an acient mega-continent that included Africa, South America, Antartica, Austrailia, Madagascar, and Saudi Arabia
Great Escarpment
begins in southwestern Angola and ends in northeastern South Africa, creating a formidable impediment to coastal settlement
homelands
ethnic group; like reservations for Native Americans; rural, overcrowded
Horn of Africa
the northeastern corner that includes Somalia, Ethiopia, Djibouti, and Eritrea
internally displaced persons
people that have fled from conflict but still reside in their country of origin
kleptocracy
a state in which corruption is so institutionalized that politicians and government siphon off a huge percentage of the country's wealth
Pan-African Movement
encouraged a trans-Atlantic liberation effort "Africa for Africans"
pastoralists
people who specialize in cattle raising
physiological density
the number of people per unit of arable land
refugee
people who flee their state because of a well-founded fear of persecution based on race
sahel
a zone of ecological transition between the Sahara to the north and wetter savannas and forest in the south
structural adjustment program
programs that are designed to reduce goverment spending and encourage private sector intiatives
swidden
burning the natural vegetation to release fertilizing ash and planting crops
township
segregated neighborhoods on the outskirts of cities
transhumance
the movement of animals between wet-season and dry-season pasture
tribe
a group of families or clans with a common kinship
tsetse fly
these spread sleeping sickness to cattle, humans, and some wildlife