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24 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
British East India Company
the private organization that acted as an arm of the British government
bustees
sprawling squatter settlements
caste system
the strict division of society
Chipko movement
tree hugging to protect ancient groves from logging
cyclone
a large-scale, atmospheric wind-and-pressure system characterized by low pressure at its center and by circular wind motion, counterclockwise in the Northern Hemisphere, clockwise in the Southern Hemisphere.
dalit
people who were not traditionallly allowed to enter Hindu temples, untouchables
Dravidian language
a linguistic group that is unique to South Asia
federal state
state where a significant amount of power is being vested in its individual states
forward capital
a city that signals both symbolically and geographically the intentions of the country
Green Revolution
agricultural cultivation techniques based on hybrid crop strains and the heavy use of industrial fertilizers and chemical pesticides
Hindi
the most widely spoken language of South Asia
Hindu nationalism
these promote Hindu values as the essential and exclusive fabric of Indian society, fundamentalism
Indian diaspora
the migration of large numbers of Indians to foreign countries
Jainism
religion that stresses non-violence taking this creed to its ultimate extreme
linguistic nationalism
the linking of specific language with nationalistic goals
maharaja
a king subject to British advisors
monsoon
the distinct seasonal change of wind direction, which corresponds to wet and dry periods
Mughal Empire
the most powerful of the Muslim states, dominated much of the region from its power center in the upper Indus-Ganges basin
orographic rainfall
results from the uplifting and cooling of moist monsoon winds over the Western Ghats; as a result some stations receive more than 200 inches of rain during the 4 month wet season
salinization
the buildup of salt in agricultural fields
Sanskrit
the sacred language that Hindu's epic stories are written in
Sikhism
religion that combines elements of Islam and Hinduism
subcontinent
a large, relatively self-contained landmass forming a subdivision of a continent
Urdu
the language of the Muslim majority including the former ruling class