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31 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
respiratory
system consists of the lungs and air passages
nose
had 2 openings, called nostrils or nares, through which air enters
nasal septum
wall of cartilage which divides the wall into 2 hollow sections
cilia
hairlike sutures that help move the mucous layer that lines the airways pushing trapped particles toward the esophagus, where they can be swallowed
sinuses
are cavities in the skull that surround the nasal area
pharynx
throat, lies behind the nasal cavity
larynx
voice box
epiglottis
leaflike piece of cartlage closes the opening into the larynx during swallowing
trachea
windpipe
bronchi
entering of the lungs
bronchioles
small branches of the bronchi carry air into the lungs
alveoli
resembles a bunch of grapes
lungs
the divisions of the bronchi and the alveoli are found in the organs...
ventillation
process of breathing
inspiration
the process of breathing air in
respiration
the process of taking in oxygen and letting out carbon dioxide
expiration
air is forced out of the lungs
asthema
a respritory disorder usually caused by a sensitivity to an allergen such as dust
bronchitis
is an inflammation of the bronchi and bronchial tubes
chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
is a term used to describe any chronic lung disease that results in obstruction of the airways
emphysema
is a noninfectious, chronic respiratory condition that occus when the walls of the alveoli.
epistaxis
or nosebleed
influenza
flu
laryngitis
is an inflammation of the larynx and vocal cords
lung cancer
is the leading cause of cancer dath on both men and women
pleurisy
is an inflammation of the pleura, or membranes, of the lungs
pneumonia
inflammation or infection of the lungs characterized by a build up of fluid
rhinitis
is an inflammation of the nasal mucous membrane lining the sinuses
sinusitis
is an inflammation of the mucous membrane lining the sinuses
tuberculosis
is an infectious lung disease caused by the bacteria Mycobacterium tuberculosis
an upper resipatory infection
common cold