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50 Cards in this Set

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An elevated body temperature, usually above 101 degrees Fahrenheit or 38.3 degrees Celsius when measured rectally.
fever
The measurement of the force exerted by the heart against the arterial walls when it contracts (beats) and relaxes.
blood pressure
High blood pressure.
hypertension
No fever is present.
afebrile
The measurement of body temperature obtained from the groin (the crease between the thigh and the trunk).
groin temperature
The measurement of body temperature obtained from the axilla (armpit).
axillary temperature
Bubbling sound caused by fluid or mucus in the air passages.
rale
Difficult or labored breathing.
dyspnea
Instruments used to measure body temperature at the tympanic membrane in the ear.
tympanic thermometers
The measurement of blood pressure taken when the heart is contracting and forcing blood into the arteries
systolic pressure
The temperature measurement scale on which water freezes at 32 degrees and boils at 212 degrees.
Fahrenheit
Pertaining to the rectum.
rectal
An instrument calibrated for measuring blood pressure in millimeters of mercury (mm Hg).
sphygmomanometer
A rapid respiratory rate above 25 respirations per minute.
tachypnea
One breath in and one breath out represents a single respiration. The normal rate for adults is 14 to 18 breaths per minute (bpm); for children, it is 16 to 25 bpm; and for infants, the rate is 30 to 50 bpm.
respiration
Low blood pressure.
hypotension
Slow respiratory rate, usually below 10 respirations per minute
bradypnea
The measurement of body temperature taken on the tympanic membrane in the ear.
aural temperature
Battery-operated thermometers that can register the temperature on a display within a few seconds.
electronic thermometers
Number per minute, as with pulse and respiration counts.
rate
An instrument used to measure temperature.
thermometer
The measurement of body temperature taken in the rectum.
rectal temperature
Pertaining to the mouth.
oral
Bluish color of the skin, nail beds, and/or lips due to an insufficient amount of oxygen in the blood.
cyanosis
The difference between systolic and diastolic blood pressures.
pulse pressure
Various determinations that provide information about the basic conditions of the patients. These signs are temperature, pulse, respirations, and blood pressure.
vital signs
A condition in which the body temperature is below normal, usually below 95 degrees Fahrenheit (35 degrees Celsius) and often in the range of 78 to 95 degrees Fahrenheit (26 to 35 degrees Celsius).
hypothermia
The temperature measurement scale on which water freezes at 0 degrees and boils at 100 degrees; also referred to as centigrade.
Celsius
The quality of respirations, such as deep, shallow, or labored.
character
An instrument used for listening to internal body sounds.
stethoscope
A measurement of the balance between heat loss and heat produced by the body.
temperature
A constant state of natural balance within the body.
homeostasis
The measurement of body temperature taken in the mouth by placing the thermometer under the tongue.
oral temperature
Difficult breathing with a high-pitched whistling or sighing sound during expiration.
wheezing
The degree of strength of a pulse, such as strong or weak.
volume
Fever.
pyrexia
Rapid heartbeat that is usually more than 100 beats per minute in an adult.
tachycardia
The pressure of blood felt against the wall of an artery as the heart contracts or beats.
pulse
Pertaining to the axilla (armpit).
axillary
Refers to the regularity: regular or irregular.
rhythm
The difference between the rate of the apical pulse and the rate of a radial pulse.
pulse deficit
A condition that occurs when body temperature exceeds 104 degrees Fahrenheit or 40 degrees Celsius when measured rectally.
hyperthermia
The absence of respirations; the temporary cessation (stopping) of respirations.
apnea
Fever is present.
febrile
Irregular or abnormal rhythm, usually referring to the heart rhythm.
arrhythmia
Periods of difficult breathing (dyspnea) followed by periods of no breathing (apnea).
Cheyne-Stokes
Pertaining to the ear.
aural
The measurement of blood pressure taken when the heart is at rest; the measurement of the constant pressure in the arteries.
diastolic pressure
An instrument used to measure body temperature; consists of a glass tube containing mercury and marked with calibration.
clinical thermometer
The pulse taken with a stethoscope near the apex (tip) of the heart.
apical pulse