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37 Cards in this Set

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Coverings placed directly over a wound or injured part.
dressings
An injury caused by rubbing or scraping the skin.
abrasion
An invasion by pathogenic microorganisms; contamination by disease-producing organisms, or pathogens.
infection
Actual freezing of tissue fluid, which results in damage to the skin and underlying tissue.
frostbite
An injury caused by a pointed object, such as a needle or nail.
puncture wound
Automated emergency equipment used to defibrillate the heart in an emergency setting.
automated external defibrillator (AED)
The partial or complete loss of consciousness caused by a temporary reduction in the supply of blood to the brain; commonly known as fainting.
syncope
A violent spasm or involuntary jerking of the muscles; also called a seizure
convulsion
A cut or wound caused by a sharp object; a surgical cut.
incision
Materials used to hold dressings in place, secure splints, or support and protect body parts. (
bandages
A reduction in the supply of blood to the heart resulting in damage to the muscle of the heart; commonly known as a heart attack.
myocardial infarction (MI)
A method of prioritizing treatment.
triage
A clinical condition characterized by various symptoms and resulting in an inadequate supply of blood and oxygen to body organs, especially the brain and heart.
shock
The cutting off of a body part.
amputation
The forceable tearing away or separation of tissue from the body; in dentistry, this is the forceable removable of a tooth from its socket.
avulsion
Displacement of a bone from a joint.
dislocation
A condition resulting from exposure to heat and the excessive loss of fluid through sweating.
heat exhaustion
The death of the body cells. This occurs within four to six minutes after clinical death and can result in permanent brain damage.
biological death
The condition in which the body temperature is below normal, usually lower than 95 degrees Fahrenheit (35 degrees Celsius) and often in the range of 78 to 95 degrees Fahrenheit (26 to 35 degrees Celsius).
hypothermia
The procedure performed on a victim whose heart has stopped beating; includes providing oxygen and chest compressions.
cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR)
A wound or injury with jagged or irregular edges.
laceration
Profuse or excessive perspiration; sweating.
diaphoresis
An injury caused by excessive stretching, overuse, or misuse of a muscle.
strain
An injury to body tissue caused by heat, caustics, radiation, and/or electricity.
burn
An injury to body tissues.
wound
The condition that occurs when contact is made with any chemical substance that causes injury, illness, or death.
poisoning
The condition that occurs in diabetics when there is an excess amount of insulin and a low level of glucose (sugar) in the blood.
insulin shock
An injury to a joint accompanied by the stretching or tearing of the ligaments.
sprain
An unconscious condition caused by an increased level of glucose (sugar) and ketones in the bloodstream of a person with diabetes mellitus.
diabetic coma
A medical emergency caused by prolonged exposure to heat and resulting in high body temperature and failure of the sweat glands
heat stroke
A break occurring in a bone or tooth.
fracture
Excessive loss of blood; bleeding.
hemorrhage
Muscle pain and spasms resulting from exposure to heat and inadequate fluid and salt intake.
heat cramps
A reduction in the supply of blood to the heart resulting in damage to the muscle of the heart; also known by the medical term myocardial infarction.
heart attack
When the heart stops beating and the victim stops breathing.
clinical death
The partial or complete loss of consciousness caused by a temporary reduction in the supply of blood to the brain; known by the medical term syncope.
fainting
Immediate care given to a victim of an injury or illness to minimize the effects of the injury or illness.
first aid