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98 Cards in this Set

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A gray-colored alloy (mixture) of metals and mercury used as a restorative material on posterior teeth.
amalgam
The incisors and cuspids located in the front of the mouth.
anterior teeth
A system of identifying the teeth that uses a two-digit code to identify the quadrant and tooth.
Federation Dentaire International System
A piece of dental equipment that holds and rapidly rotates a dental bur to cut tooth structure. Most are equipped with water that is automatically sprayed on the tooth during use.
high-speed handpiece
The opening in the apex of a tooth through which nerves and blood vessels enter and leave the tooth.
apical foramen
The state of being unable to feel sensation, especially the sensation of pain.
anesthesia
A dental handpiece used to remove particles and large amounts of liquid from the oral cavity; also known as high-volume evacuator (HVE) or high-vacuum evacuator.
high-velocity oral evacuator (HVE)
Bone tissue of the maxilla and mandible that contains the alveoli (sockets) for the roots of the teeth.
alveolar process
The surgical removal of a tooth.
extraction
The tissues surrounding the teeth; also known as the gums
gingiva
The pointed tip of the root of a tooth.
apex
A machine used in dental areas to provide air pressure.
air compressor
The surface of a tooth nearest the lip or cheek; also known as the labial surface on anterior teeth and the buccal surface on posterior teeth.
facial surface
Bad breath.
halitosis
Irreversible, hydrocolloid, dental impression material.
alginate
The teeth that pulverize or grind food and, in the permanent dentition, are located between the cuspids and molars; also known as premolars.
bicuspids
The hardest tissue in the body that covers the exterior of the crown of a tooth.
enamel
A dental anesthetic syringe designed to hold carpules; the harpoon permits the operator to aspirate the syringe to determine that the needle has not entered a blood vessel.
aspirating syringe
Farthest from the midline.
distal
A protective dental material that is placed over the pulpal area of a tooth to reduce irritation and thermal shock.
base
A portable piece of dental equipment that contains the handpieces and other major pieces of equipment that the dentist uses during a dental procedure.
doctor's cart
Having two roots (as in teeth).
bifurcated
The 20 teeth that are replaced by permanent teeth; also known as primary teeth.
deciduous teeth
The tissue that makes up the bulk of the tooth.
dentin
A chair designed to position a dental patient comfortably while providing easy access to his or her oral cavity.
dental chair
The natural teeth in their normal positions within the dental arches; may be primary, permanent, or mixed (containing both primary and permanent teeth).
dentition
A portable piece of dental equipment that contains the major pieces of equipment a dental assistant uses while aiding the dentist during a dental procedure.
assistant's cart
Not permanent; something that is shed.
deciduous
Drawing back by suction.
aspiration
A specialized light used on dental units to illuminate the oral cavity.
dental light
The strong teeth located at the angles of the lips that are used to tear food; also known as cuspids or eyeteeth.
canines
A bowl or cup that allows the patient to spit out particles and water and is automatically flushed with water.
cuspidor
Glass cartridges that contain a premeasured amount of local anesthetic solution that is used for dental local anesthesia.
carpules
The portion of a tooth that is covered with enamel and visible in the mouth; also a cast restoration that completely covers this portion of the tooth.
crown
The surface of a posterior tooth nearest the cheek; also known as the facial surface.
buccal surface
Dental impression trays that are specially made to fit a particular patient's mouth.
custom trays
Specialized dental X-rays that show only the crowns of the teeth; also known as bitewings.
cavity-detecting X-rays
Small, rotating cutting instruments used in dental handpieces to prepare cavities for filling with restorative materials.
burs
The destruction of tooth structure caused by dental decay.
cavity
Occurrences of tooth decay; also known as cavities.
carious lesions
A positive reproduction of the dental arches or teeth in plaster or similar materials; also known as a model.
cast
An attachment used on dental handpieces to cut and polish.
contra angle
Specialized dental X-rays that show only the crowns of the teeth; also known as cavity-detecting X-rays.
bitewings
The strong teeth located at the angles of the lips that are used to tear food; also known as canines or eyeteeth.
cuspids
A tooth-colored dental restorative material.
composite
One of the two upper jawbones (plural, maxillae). These bones fuse together to form the upper jaw.
maxilla
A dental material used to seal inlays, crowns, bridges, and orthodontic appliances in place.
cement
The chewing, grinding surface of the posterior teeth.
occlusal surface
A specialized dental X-ray that shows the entire dental arch or all the teeth and related structures on one film.
panoramic
Dental X-rays that are used to view the occlusal planes of the maxilla or mandible.
occlusal films
Pertaining to the maxilla or upper jaw.
maxillary
The horseshoe-shaped bone that forms the lower jaw; the only moveable bone of the skull.
mandible
The slower dental handpiece in dental units that is used to remove caries and for fine finishing work.
low-speed handpiece
A positive reproduction of the dental arches or teeth in plaster or similar materials; also known as a cast.
model
The process of chewing.
mastication
The largest teeth in the dentition that are located in the posterior (back) of the mouth and are used to grind food.
molars
The hard, bone-like tissue that covers the exterior of the root of a tooth.
cementum
Pertaining to the mandible.
mandibular
The point at the neck of the tooth where the cementum of the root joins the enamel of the crown.
cementoenamel junction
The surface of the teeth nearest the tongue.
lingual surface
The surface of the teeth that is toward the midline of the mouth.
mesial surface
The surface of an anterior tooth located nearest the lips; also known as the facial surface.
labial surface
The mouth is divided into quadrants: upper left, upper right, lower left, and lower right.
quadrant
The anatomic portion of a tooth that helps hold the tooth in the mouth. The root is covered with dentin and is located below the gingiva (gums).
root
A specialized dental material that covers the exposed cut tooth tissue before a restorative material is placed.
liner
The cutting or biting surface of the anterior teeth; also known as the incisal edge.
incisal surface
The study of the anatomy, growth, and diseases of the teeth.
odontology
Small dental X-ray films that are used to accommodate the small mouths of young children.
pedodontic (child) films
Dental X-rays that show the entire tooth and the surrounding area.
periapical films
A special machine that uses water to form a suction or vacuum system. This suction is used to remove liquids and particles from the oral cavity.
oral-evacuation system
The teeth located in the front and center of the mouth that are used to cut food.
incisors
Areas on the crown surfaces of a tooth formed by a line drawn between two surfaces.
line angles
The structures that surround and support the teeth.
periodontium
A dental impression material that is elastic and rubbery in nature; also known as rubber base.
polysulfide
A negative reproduction of a tooth or dental arch.
impression
The process of repairing or replacing a diseased portion of a tooth or a lost tooth. Types of restoration include filling (restorative) materials, crowns, bridges, and dentures.
restoration
Foot controls on dental units that are used to operate handpieces.
rheostats
A dental impression material that is elastic and rubbery in nature; also known as polysulfide.
rubber base
A substance, such as soft tissue, that is transparent to X-rays (permits the passage of X-rays or other forms of radiation). These substances appear as black or gray regions on the X-ray.
radiolucent
Areas on the crown surface of a tooth that are formed when three surfaces meet.
point angles
A dental material used for restorative purposes for a short period of time until a permanent restoration can be placed.
temporary
An abbreviated means of identifying the permanent teeth by number and the primary teeth by letter. This system is used primarily in the United States.
Universal Numbering System
A handpiece in dental units that provides constant, low-volume suction to remove saliva from the mouth.
saliva ejector
A substance, such as dental enamel, that is not transparent to X-rays (does not permit the passage of X-rays or other forms of radiation). These substances appear as white or very light gray regions on the X-ray.
radiopaque
X-rays; images produced by radiation.
radiographs
The 20 permanent teeth that replace primary teeth.
succedaneous
A gypsum product used to create working models. This product is stronger than plaster.
stone
The premolars (bicuspids) and molars that are located in the back of the mouth.
posterior teeth
The soft tissue in the innermost area of a tooth that is made up of nerves and blood vessels that are held in place by connective tissue.
pulp
The first set of 20 teeth that are replaced by permanent teeth: eight incisors, four canines (cuspids), and eight molars. There are no premolars (bicuspids) in the primary dentition. Also known as deciduous teeth.
primary dentition
A dental handpiece attachment that holds polishing cups, disks, and brushes and is used to clean the teeth or polish restorations.
prophylaxis angle
A handpiece in dental units that provides air, water, or a combination of air and water for various dental procedures.
tri-flow (air-water) syringe
A gypsum product that is used to create dental models (study casts). This product is weaker than stone
plaster
The dense fibers of connective tissue that attach to the cementum of a tooth and the alveolus to support or suspend the tooth in its socket.
periodontal ligaments
The thin, tenacious, film-like deposit that adheres (sticks) to the teeth and can lead to decay; made of protein and microorganisms.
plaque
The mechanical mixing process used to combine mercury with the amalgam alloy.
trituration
The teeth that pulverize or grind food and, in the permanent dentition, are located between the cuspids and molars; also known as bicuspids.
premolars
The 32 teeth that are designed to last a lifetime; eight incisors, four canines (cuspids), eight premolars (bicuspids), and 12 molars. Twenty of these teeth are referred to as succedaneous teeth because they replace the primary teeth.
permanent dentition