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43 Cards in this Set

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The end products of the metabolism of fat in the body.
acetones
A product used in the preparation of a blood film or smear slide.
Wright's stain
The weight or mass of a substance compared with an equal amount of another substance that is used as a standard.
specific gravity
A substance that prevents the clotting of blood.
anticoagulant
The examination of urine by way of physical, chemical, and/or microscopic testing.
urinalysis
The surgical puncture of a vein; the insertion of a needle into a vein.
venipuncture
Solid materials suspended in urine.
urinary sediments
A substance that causes the body to produce antibodies.
antigen
A special laboratory dish containing agar that is used to culture specimens; also known as a culture plate or petri dish.
agar plate
A drop of blood spread thinly on a slide for microscopic examination.
blood smear
A determination of blood types and antigens prior to a blood transfusion.
typing and crossmatch
A test that checks for antibodies in the blood prior to a transfusion.
antibody screen
A calibrated device used to measure the specific gravity of urine.
urinometer
A special solid medium that provides both nourishment and moisture for the organism; this substance is a gelatinous extract of red algae.
agar
Without urine; not producing urine.
anuria
An instrument used to measure the specific gravity of urine.
refractometer
A sample of microorganisms or tissue cells taken from an area of the body for examination.
culture specimen
Organisms that are not affected by harmful substances in the environment.
resistant
A blood test that measures blood serum levels of glucose (sugar) after a person has not had anything by mouth (food or drink) for a period of time.
fasting blood sugar (FBS)
Organisms that are affected by an antibiotic in a culture and sensitivity study
sensitive
A special laboratory dish containing agar that is used to culture specimens; also known as an agar plate or a petri dish.
culture plate
The presence of sugar in the urine.
glycosuria
A culture specimen placed on a slide for microscopic examination.
direct smear
The abnormal presence of protein in the urine.
proteinuria
A blood test that counts the number of red blood cells (normally 4 to 6 million per cubic millimeter of blood).
erythrocyte count
An automated piece of equipment used to measure the level of hemoglobin.
photometer
A blood test that determines the percentage of each kind of leukocyte (white blood cell).
differential count
The most common type of sugar in the body.
glucose
A small puncture made in the skin to obtain capillary blood.
skin puncture
Special test strips containing chemical substances that react when certain substances are in the urine or blood.
reagent strips
The destruction of red blood cells.
hemolysis
A blood test that measures the percentage of red blood cells per a given unit of blood.
hematocrit
A blood test that counts the total number of white blood cells (normally 5,000 to 10,000 cells per cubic millimeter of blood).
leukocyte count
A special laboratory dish containing agar that is used to culture specimens; also known as an agar plate or a culture plate.
petri dish
A technique of staining organisms to identify the specific types of bacteria that are present.
Gram's stain
A deficiency of sugar in the blood; low blood sugar.
hypoglycemia
The end products of the metabolism of fat in the body.
ketones
An instrument used to magnify or enlarge objects for viewing.
microscope
The iron-containing protein of the red blood cells that carries oxygen from the lungs to the tissues.
hemoglobin
A special instrument used to measure the hemoglobin concentration in blood.
hemoglobinometer
A specially calibrated instrument with a measured and lined area for counting blood cells.
hemacytometer
Decreased or less-than-normal amounts of urine secretion.
oliguria
The presence of blood in the urine.
hematuria