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22 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Types of Fluid Dificiency
volume deplition and dehydration
types of fluid excess
volume excess and hypotonic hydration
fluid secuestration
fluid excess in particular area...Edema (accumulation of fluid in tissue)
Volume deplition
water and sodium go down, osmolarity is normal
dehydration
water goes down, sodium stays the same, osmolarity goes up
volume excess
retain water and Sodium
Hypotonic hydration
more water than sodium retained, osmalarity goes down
Positive Major Cations
Sodium, Potassium, Calcium, Hydrogen
Negative Mejor Anions
Cloride, Phosphate, HCO3
most dangerous imbalance
potassium
imbalances in sodium
hypernatremia
hyponatremia
imbalances in potassium
hyperkalemia
hypokalemia
imbalances in calcium
hypercalcemia
hypocalcemia
most abundant ion of the intra cellular fluid
potassium
imbalances are not dangerous
phosphates
most abundant in extra cellular fluid
chloride
hydrogen ions in solution
pH
increase number of hydrogen ions
acid
decrease number of hydrogen ions
base
prevent pH swings, acid or base, proton donator/acceptor
buffers
Type of buffers
bicarbonate
phosphate
proteins
chief at extra cellular fluid
sodium