• Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key


Play button


Play button




Click to flip

6 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
what does the granulosa cell make?
estrogen and inhibin in response to FSH

Sertoli cell makes activins and inhibin in response to FSH
LH stimulates which female cell?
theca cell

to make androstenedione -->

transported to granulosa cell, where it is made into estrogen upon stimulation by FSH
FSH stimulates what in female?
follicles in the ovary and production of estrogen by granulosa cells
causes of primary amenorrhea
1) pregnancy

2) hypothalamus / pituitary
-Kallmann's, KAL(X-link), FGFS1, neurokinins, leptin, GnRH mut, GnRH receptor mut, FSH, LH mutation

3) ovarian: fibrotic organization of ovary
-turner's 1:2000-5000, mosaics can develop webbed neck, genu valgum, low hairline, madelung deformity, knuckle knuckle dimple knucke, coarctation of aorta,
hashimotos, alopecia, vitiligo

-46XXstreak gonad
-46XY Swyer syndrome - lack of testis determining factor

4) anatomic
-outflow tract or uterus

5) receptor / enzymatic defect
-17OHase def
-3b OH def
evaluation of amneorrhea
absent breast - FSH up = gonadal dysgenesis: karyotype next

uterus asent, FSH nl -- muellerian agenesis or AIS

FSH inappropratly nl or low -- work up of pituitary/hypothalamic amenorrhea
secondary amenorrhea
functional (anorexia, stress)

infiltrating lesions
-lymphoma, langerhans cell histiocytosis, sarcoidosis, craiopharung, mets, ....