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40 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Painful menestration associated with the release of prostaglandins in ovulatory cycles but not with pelvic disease, begins with the onset of ovulatory cycles.
Primary Dysmenorrhea
related to pelvic pathology, manifest later in reproductive years, and may occur anytime in the menstrual cycle
Secondary Dysmenorhea
failure of menarche and the absence of menstruation by age 14 with no developmentof secondary sex characteristics or the absence of menstruation by the age of 16 regardless of the presence of secondary sex characteristics
Primary Amenorrhea
absence of menstruation for a time equivalent to 3 or more cycles or 6 months in women who have previously menstruated
Secondary Amenorrhea
more common cause of cycle irregularity is failure to ovulate related to age, stress, or endocrinopathy; accounts for 33-69% of GYN visits
Abnormal Uterine Bleeding
most common endocrine disturbance affecting women, especially young women, and is the leading cause of infertility in US
Polycystic Ovary Syndrome
cyclic recurrence of distressing physical, psychological, or behavioral changes that impair interpersonal relationship or interfere with usual activities
Premenstrual Syndrome
an acute inflammatory process caused by infection; may involve any organ or combo of organs of the upper genital tract
Pelvic Infammatory Disease
infection of the vagina caused by sexually transmitted pathogens, bacterial vaginosis, and Candida albicans
non specific term used to describe inflammation of the cervix before the identification of pathogens
inflammation of the vulva; caused by soaps, detergents, lotions, shaving, etc.
inflammation of one or both of the ducts that lead from the introitus (vaginal opening) to the Bartholin glands
occur when structure ligaments become stretched
Pelvic Relaxation Disorders
descent of the bladder and the anterior vaginal wall into the vaginal cavity
the bulging of the rectum and posterior vaginal wall into the vaginal cavity
herniation fo the rectouterine pouch into the rectovaginal septum
descent of the cervix or entire uterus into the vaginal cavity
Uterine Prolapse
produced when a follicle or number of follicles are stimulated but no dominant follicle develops and completes the maturity process
Benign Ovarian cyst
a mass of endometrial tissue and contains a variable amount of glands, stroma, and blood vessels
Endometrial Polyps
also called uterine fibroids; benign tumors that develop from smooth muscle cells in the myometrium; most common benign tumors and remain small and asymptomatic
16% of all GYN and 2% of all cancers in women in US
Cervical Cancer
rarest form of female genital cancer; can be caused by HPV and prior cervical cancer; generally asymptomatic; diagnosis is by pelvic exam and biopsy
Vaginal Cancer
can be caused by HPV or epithelial disorders; early detection is critical and treatment is by surgery, radition, and chemo
Vulvar Cancer
obesity, having a high fat diet, no pregnancies early menarche, late menopause, family history, breast cancer history, being white and over 40
Risk Factors for Endometrial Cancer
based on the extent of disease and tumor size; usually involves hysterectomy; radiation for node involvement, 5 year survival rate is 96% local and 26% distant
Treatment for Endometrial Cancer
an inflammatory process that is usually, but not always, caused by a sexually transmitted microorganism
narrowing of the urethra caused by scarring
Urethral Stricture
condition in which the foreskin cant be retracted back over the glans
the foreskin is retracted and cant be moved forward to cover glans
"bent nail syndrome" fibrotic condition that causes lateral curvature of the penis during erection
Peyronie disease
uncommon condition of prolonged penile erection
inflammation of the glans penis and usually occurs in conjunction with posthitis, an inflammation of the prepuce
risk factors include HPV, smoking, and psoriasis; diagnosis by biopsy, treatment includes surgery and radiation or chemo
Penile cancer
abnormal dilation of a vein within the spermatic cord and is classically described as a "bag of worms"; usually occurs on the left side; unilateral right sided varicoceles are rare and results from compression and obstructionof the inferior vena cava by a tumor of thrombus; is congenital
a collection of fluid within the tunica vaginalis (testicular sac)
a painless divericulum of the epididymis located btw the head of the epididymis and the testis
one or both testes fail to descend into the scrotum
the testes rotates on it vascualr pedicle, interrupting its blood supply
Testicular Torsion
acute inflammation of the testes and is uncommon excpet as a complication of systemic infection or as an extension of associated epididymitis
treatment involves correcting underlying disorders, avoiding radiation and toxins, and using hormones to enhance spermatogenesis
Impairment in Sperm Production