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98 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
athletes foot
tineapedis
pus
fluid consisting of
white bld cells, bacteria and other desbris
produced from an infection
miliaria rubra
prickly heat-
acute reaction due to heat exposure
sweat glands become inflammed resulting in eruption of red vescles, burning and itchy skin
lesions
structural changes in the tissue caused by injury or damage
any mark, symptom or abnormality
primary lesion
early stages of development or change
flat nonpalpable changes or elevations due to fluid in the cavity
bulla
large blister containing watery fluid
nodules
small tumors caused by conditions such as scar tissue, fatty deposits or infection
tumor
a large nodule
large mass due to excessive cell multiplication, vary in size, shape and color
papule
a small elevation on the skin that does not contain fluid
may develop into a pustule
pustule
inflamed papule with white or yellow sac containing pus, white bld cells, bacteria and debris from infection
tubercle
abnormal solid lump larger than a pupule
extends deeper into the dermis
vesicles
small blister or sac containing clear liquid
wheal
itchy swollen lesion caused by a blow, skin allergy or sting
hives or mosquito bites
secondary lesions
skin in later stages of disease
crust
scab
dead cells formed over the wound
excoriation
scrape or scratch
acne excorie
disorder where the person scrapes acne off causing scarring or lesions
fissure
a crack that may penetrate to the dermis
chapped lips or hands
keloid
thick scar resulting from excess growth of fibores tissue-collegen
genetic predisposition
freq in african americans
occures after injury or surgery
FORM OF HYPERTROPIC SCAR
scale
abnormal/excessive dandruff or psoriasis
shedding of dead skin cells or any thin plate of epidermal flakes
day or oily
scar
post healing slightly raised mask
hardend tissue that heps heal injury
hypertrophic scar
keloid
ulcer
open lesion represented by deep erossion or depression of the skin and accompanied by pus,
infection
cancer
acne
chronic inflamm disorder of the sebaceous gland characterized by comedones and blemishes
comedones
non-inflammed build-up
open comedones "black heads" clogged pores
closed comedones not open to air or oxygen "white head"
trapped by dead skin cells and need to be exfoliated/extracted
milia
hardened whiteheads-usually around the eyes, cheeks and forehead (pearl like mass of sebum)
oil and dead skin trapped under the surface may follow injury like UV radiation/lazer resurfacing
have to be lanced to open and be removed. MDs do this
furuncle
boil
subcutaneous abcess filled with pus
caused by bacteria in the hair follicles
carbuncles
group of boils
large inflammation caused by staphlocci
sborrhea
sever and abnormal oiliness of the skin
no acne or inflammation present
hyperhidrosis
excessive sweating due to heat, genetics, body weakness or medication
bromhidrosis
B.O.
foul smelling sweat due to bacteria or yeast that breaks it down on the surface of the skin
feet or underarms
dermatitis
inflammation of the skin
(includes vesicles, papules, lesions, eczema.
contact dermatitis and dermatitis venenata)
edema
swelling from fluid inbalance in the cells due to injury or infection
folliculitis
ingrown hair causing bacterial infection and inflammation of the hair follicule
pseudo folliculitis-razor burn (no infection or pus)
liver spots
chloasma
hypopigmentation
white colorless areas from lack of melanin production
Congenital Leukoderma
hyperpigmentation
dark or brown pigmentation due to increased melanin
sun, other factors or irritation
post-inflammitory hyperpigmentation
burn
exessive sun exposure
solor comedones
large blackheads usually around the eyes due to sun exposure
eczema
acute or chronic inflammitory disease
dry or moist lesions
red, ichy....dry
atopic
excess inflammation from allergies
anhidrosis
deficiency in sweat

failure of the sweat glands
due to fever or skin disease
asteatosis
without oil

dry scaly skin due to harsh soap, cold, body disorder
sebaceous hyperplasia
benign lesions seen in oilier areas of the face due to overgrowth of the subacious gland
"donut holes"
can not be extracted
verruca
wart
hypertrophy of a papillae and epidermis caused by a virus
4 causes of acne
1. genetics
2. clogged pores
3. bacteria
4. trigger- food, products or hormones
atopic dematitis
rash
genetically related to an overactive immune system
common in people with nasal allergies and asthma
ex: caused by dehydration
erythema
redness caused by inflamation
seboreheic dermatitis
type of eczema
inflamation of the glands often occurs in oily areas
(dry, oily, scaly, crusty, itchy)
eyebrows, scalp, forhead, along nose
sebaceous filaments
solidified impactions of oil without cell matter-blocked folicles that are often found on the nose and cause comedones
similar to open comedone-black head
retention hyperkeratosis
hereditary factor where dead skin cells don't shed from the folicles
sebum builds-up and causes open/closed comedones
small ostium
small pore opening leads to impactions of sebum
acne
P. bacteria
blocked follicle w. no oxygen so bacteria will grow
redness and irritation occur
Papule-pus-Pustual
tinea corporis
ringworm
urticaria
hives caused by allergens
increased histamine production
pruitis
itchy
stain
can occur after disease, mole or freckle disappear
brown or wine colored
psoriasis
red patches covered by white/silver scales
overproliferation of skin cells that multiply too fast
on joints-elbows and knees
dyschromia
abnormal pigmentation
due to internal or external factors
steatoma
"Wen"
cyst or sub cutaneous tumor filled with sebum
pear to orange in size
found in neck, back, or scalp
lentigo/lentigenes
freckles-yellow or brown spots
macules=lots of freckles in a patch
keratoses pilaris
blocked follicles causing red bumpiness in the cheeks or upper arms
melasma
preg mask due to hormonal changes that may fade over time
neves
mole or birthmark
red or brown
malformation of the skin or diolated capillaries-port wine stain
hypertrophic
thickening of the tissue
usually a benign growth
cyst
closed abnormally dev. sac containing fluid, infection or other matter
nodule made of deep pocets or infection-skin hardens around the infection to keep it contained-depressed or raised
macule
a flat spot or discoloration on the skin

freckle-sun damage
couperose skin: telangiectasia
distended capillaries from weakening of the capillary walls
caused by internal or external factors
rosacea
vascular disorder(dialation of the bld vessles)
chronic redness
papules and pustules may be present often on the cheeks and nose
decrease inflamation with calming therapy
what should you avoid if you have rosacea
caffine, stress, alcohol
don't want to increas vaso-dialation
mole
neves
tan to black, may be flat or raised
should be checked by MD
skin tag
outgrowth or extension of the skin
usually under arms or on the neck
A
B
C
D
E'S of cancer
asym
uneven boarders
uneven color
diameter larger than a pencil eraser
evolves or changes
tinea
fungal infections

feed on proteins, carbs, lipids in the skin
bacterial conjunctivites
pink eye
herpes zoster
shingles
painful blisters that cause a rash
related to the chicken pox virus
impetigo
bacteria
blisters or crusty lesions filled with bacteria
usually seen in kids
herpes simples I
recurring viral infection represented by blisters around the nose or mouth
visicles or a group of vesicles on a red swollen base
tinea vesicolor
sun spots
yeast that inhibits melinin production
high humidity and summer heat stimulate the condition
acne
a chronic inflammitory skin disorder of the sabacious gland characterized by blemishes and comedones
mild-severe w. cysts and scarring
hairless sebaceous follicle
most common type involved in acne
accutane
oral med
similar to retenoic acid
lots of side effects
severe dryness
depression
birth defects
azelaic acid (azelex)
topical
acidic agent that flushed follicles out
tretinion
Retin-A
vit A acid
Adapalene (Differin)
less irratation then Retin A
atrophy
thining or wasting away
port wine stain
vascular neves
tan
defense against the sun
see an increase in melanin production to protect the skin from harmful rays
leukoderma
light or abnormal patches caused by burn or congenital disease that destroyes pigment producing cells
vitaligo
albinism
vitaligo
lack of pigment in the body
hair, skin and eyes
increase risk of skin CA
sensitive to light
age early
condition worsens over time and with sun exposure
actinic keratosis
a rough area resulting from sun exposure
sometimes with layered scale/scab
abnormal build up of cells
could be pre-cancerous
keratoses
abnormal thick build up of cells caused by keratinocytesj
"mass of keratinized cells"
perioral deratitis
acne like condition around the mouth
small clusters of popules around the mouth...usually due to toothpast or products (sometimes antibiotics can help)
hypereritinization
abnormal excess bulid up of skin cells
pediculosis
skin disease caused by infestation of head lice
onychomycosis
nail infection
dermatophytes
basic cause of fungal infections
peptides
chains of ameno acids used to treat wrinkles and elasticity