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35 Cards in this Set

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A hereditary disorder of cartilage and bone formation. Symptoms are disproportionately short limbs.
achondroplasia
This is a rheumatoid arthritis of the spine. It is progressive and is found most often in young men, affecting the intervertebral joints, the sacroiliac joints, and the costovertebral joints.
Symptoms are back pain and early morning stiffness relieved by activity.
ankylosing spondylitis
This affects joints and is the inflammation of one or more joints. There are many types. Symptoms include joint pain, swelling, stiffness, deformity, fever, and weight loss.
arthritis
most common form of arthritis
rheumatoid arthritis
A response of body tissues to injury or irritation; characterized by pain, swelling, redness and heat.
inflammation
This is a malignant tumor of cartilage. Symptoms include pain and generally the presence of a mass.
chondrosarcoma
Joint disease characterized by degeneration of the articular cartilage. Symptoms include pain and stiffness in joints which is aggravated with physical activity and relieved with rest.
degenerative joint disease
This is a cancerous tumor or malignancy that invades the entire shaft of the bone.Symptoms include pain and swelling.
Ewing tumor
A connective tissue tumor that is usually malignant.
sarcoma
A systemic disease due to deposition of urate crystals.Symptoms inclde episodes of severe pain and swelling, usually affecting a single joint.
gout
This is caused by irregular ossification and is due to an overproduction of mucopolysaccharides. Symptoms include short stature, coarse features, skeletal deformities, enlarged organs.
Hurler syndrome
An antiarthritic compound that effectively increases the viscosity (or stickiness) of synovial fluid.
mucopolysaccharides
This condition is a result of a deficiency in alkaline phosphatase. Symptoms include skeletal defects, bone pain, and other abnormal body chemistries.
hypophosphatasia
Enzyme produced in the bone and liver
alkaline phosphatase
Disease of the hip joint that results in a loss of bone mass due to inadequate blood flow to the joint. Symptoms include hip or groin pain which is aggravated with physical activity. A limp is often the result of the severe pain
Legg-Calve-Perthes disease
This results from abnormal formation of connective tissue. Symptoms include long, slender habitus, skeletal malformations, and vision/eye problems.
Marfan syndrome
physical and constitutional term - characteristics of an individual, especially the tendency to develop a certain disease
habitus (pl of habit)
This is the most common bone neoplasm. It is a tumor derived from the blood cells. Symptoms include pain and swelling.
multiple myeloma
This disease affects the tibial tubercle, where the patella inserts onto the tibia. It manifests itself when growth centers become stressed (usually due to physical/athletic activity). Symptoms include limping and pain at the site upon exertion
Osgood-Schlatter disease
his is the term for osteochondrosis involving the joints, particularly the shoulder and knee joints.
osteochondritis dissecans
This is a general term for a group of developmental disorders that affect ossification centers and usually occur in adolescence. Some of these include Legg-Calve-Perthes disease, Osgood-Schlatter disease, and Scheuermann disease. Major symptoms include pain and limited movement of the affected joints or bones
osteochondrosis
This is also a result of abnormal formation of connective tissues. Symptoms include blue sclerae, fractures as a result of very minor trauma, and deafness.
osteogenesis imperfecta
This is a benign lesion that can occur in any bone, but is most common in the long bones. Symptoms include skeletal deformities, bowing of long bones, and hypertrophy of epiphyses
osteoid osteoma
This is softening of bone as a result of the bone being poorly mineralized. Symptoms include deformities and fractures of bones.
osteomalacia
This is usually a bacterial infection of the bone, although it can also be a fungal infection. The most common pathogen is the bacteria Staphylococcus aureus. Symptoms include the onset of bone pain, fever, and chills. (Incidentally, most infections are recognizable by the presence of fever and chills.)
osteomyelitis
Bacteria of the genus Staphylococcus, it is found in nasal membranes, skin, hair follicles, and perineum.
Staphylococcus aureus
This occurs when the density of the bone is inadequate to allow for the proper support required of bone. Symptoms include backache, loss of height, and forward hunching of the spine (which is called kyphosis).
osteoporosis
Forward hunching of the spine
kyphosis
A degenerative disorder of the bone resulting in the softening of bone. Symptoms include bone pain, kyphosis, bowing of the shins, and cranial swelling. (The cranial swelling specifically can lead to deafness.)
Paget disease
Psoriasis is a chronic skin disease which causes scaling, dryness, pustules, and abscesses to appear on the nails, scalp, lumbar area of the spine, and genitalia. This can lead to joint involvement, which is psoriatic arthritis.
psoriatic arthritis
chronic skin disease which causes scaling, dryness, pustules, and abscesses to appear on the nails, scalp, lumbar area of the spine, and genitalia. This can lead to joint involvement, which is psoriatic arthritis
psoriasis
This is an arthritis associated with nonbacterial urethritis, conjunctivitis, cervicitis, and mucocutaneous lesions. It is pronounced "writer" syndrome, but should never be spelled this way. Symptoms are different depending upon the etiology of the syndrome, particularly whether it arises first as a urethritis or cervicitis (in the reproductive system); conjunctivitis is the most common lesion of the eye, and mucocutaneous lesions are superficial ulcers.
Reiter syndrome
Occurs in infants as a result of overgrowth of poorly mineralized bone and enlarged marrow cavities. Symptoms include skeletal deformities, bowing of long bones, and hypertrophy of epiphyses
rickets
This disease specifically affects the ossification centers of the vertebrae. Symptoms include juvenile kyphosis, or a curved appearance of the spine
Scheuermann disease
Scoliosis is lateral (or sideways) curvature of the spine in the erect position. It is caused by malalignment of the vertebrae.
scoliosis