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13 Cards in this Set

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increase in temperature, speeds up immune system but also speeds up growth of pathogens, can cause damage to tissues and cause further invasion of pathogens
fever
meant to wall off pathogen, but causes tissue damage (host cells)
inflammation
major cause of disease, gram positive bacteria and viruses causes such diseases, the gram positive are more resistant to drying
airborne infection
upper respiratory tract has a __% chance of viral infection and a __% chance of bacterial infection
90%, 10%
lower respiratory tract has a __% chance of viral infection and a __% of bacterial infection
50%, 50%
inflammation of the throat
pharygitis
virus with ~200 serotypes, caused especially by rhino virus
common cold
streptococcus pyogenes, beta hemolytic, severe throat infection
strep throat
inflammation of the lungs, S. pneumoniae
pneumonia
caused by gram negative organism, bordella pertussis
whooping cough
caused by virus, pandemic (world-wide epidemic), has surface antigens that change rapidly - antigenic shift (major change) also, antigenic drift (minor change)
influenza/ flu
antibiotics to influenza only effective against:
secondary bacterial infections
gram negative, causes inflammation of genital tracts and testes, male usually has symptoms while the female does not, symptoms include pus discharge, paintful urination
meisseria gonorrhea