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110 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
hydrochloric acid
substance produced by stomach to digest food
gallbladder
small sac under liver; stores bile
insulin
hormone produced by endocrine cells of the pancreas
esophagus
tube connecting throat to stomach
ileitis
inflammation of ileum
duodenum
first part of small intestine (2+10=12)
triglycerides
large fat molecules; 3 fatty acids: 1 glycerol
glycogen
starch; glucose stored in liver in form of glycogen
parenteral
apart from the intestines (to be fed intravenously)
gastrostomy
creating an opening to the stomach
submandibular
under the jaw
glucose
simple sugar
sigmoidoscopy
visual inspection of the sigmoid colon
gluconeogenisis
production of new sugar
palatoplasty
surgical repair of the palate
canine teeth
pointed dog-like teeth next to incisors
(eyeteeth or cuspids)
steatorrhea
fats appearing in feces
achlorhydria
absence of acid in stomach
pancreatitis
inflammation of pancreas
gastrojejunostomy
creating an opening from stomach to the jejunum
lipase
pancreatic enzyme that digests fat
celiac
pertaining to the abdomen
pharyngeal
pertaining to the pharynx
biliary
tract containing organs and ducts that pertain to bile
pyloroplasty
surgical repair of pyloric sphincter
enterocolostomy
creating an opening between the intestines
postprandial
pertaining to after meals
anus
opening from digestive tract to outside of body
pyloric sphincter
ring of muscle at distl end of stomach where it joins duodenum
appendectomy
removal of appendix
mastication
chewing
cheilosis
condition of the lip
perianal
surrounding the anus
digestion
breakdown of complex foods into simpler forms
laparoscopy
looking inside the abdomen
buccal mucosa
mucous membrane inside the cheek
incisor
one of 4 front teeth in dental arch
duodenal
pertaining to the duodenum
glycogenolysis
breakdown of glycogen back to glucose
bowel
intestine
oral
pertaining to the mouth
choledocholithiasis
gallstones
liver
large oran in RUQ; secretes bile, stores sugar, iron and vitamins
cecal
pertaining to the cecum
parotid gland
salivary gland within the cheek
alimentary canal
digestive tract
labial
pertaining to the lips
appendicitis
inflammation of appendix
ileocecal sphincter
muscle or valve between ileum and cecum (small and large intestines)
choledochotomy
removal of common bile duct
papillae
small elevations on the tongue; contain taste buds
bilirubin
bile pigment released by liver
sphincter
ring of muscles within a tube
cecum
first part of large intestine
hepatoma
liver cancer
amino acids
building blocks of proteins; produced when proteins are digested by pancreas
premolar teeth
teeth in front of molars
endodontist
a root canal specialist
peristalsis
contractions of tubular structures
bile
digestive juices made in the liver and stored in the gallbladder
rectum
last section of colon
choledochojejunostomy
creating an opening from gallbladder to jejunum
periodontist
a specialist in gums
cholecystectomy
removal of the gallbladder
salivary glands
parotid, sublingual and submandibular glands
colonoscopy
using an instrument to view inside the colon
hypoglossal
pertaining to under the tongue
emulsification
breaking up fat
molar teeth
big teeth in back used for grinding
facial
pertaining to the face
ileum
third part of small intestine; from Greek meaning twisted
dentin
major tissue of the tooth
palate
roof of mouth
enzyme
a chemical that speeds up a reaction between substances
sublingual
under the tongue
cholelithiasis
abnormal condition of gallstones
pharynx
throat
deglutition
swallowing
hyperglycemia
condition of high blood sugar
dentibuccal
side of tooth next to the cheek
portal vein
large vein bringing blood from liver to intestine
esophageal
pertaining to the esophagus
hepatomegaly
enlarged liver
colonic
pertaining to the colon
ileostomy
creating an opening from the ileum
absorption
passage of materials through walls of intestine into blood
proctologist
a doctor specializing in the anus and rectum
feces
solid wastes or stools
orthodontist
specialist in straightening teeth
enamel
outer layer of tooth; hardest substance in body
sialadenitis
inflammation of salivary gland
appendix
blind pouch hanging from the cecum
pancreas
organ under stomach; produces insulin and enzymes
amylase
enzyme secreted by pancreas to digest starch
jejunum
second part of small intestine
common bile duct
carries bile from the liver and gallbladder to duodenum
hyperbilirubinemia
a blood condition of an excess of bilirubin
enterocolitis
inflammation of small and large intestines
mesentery
membrane that holds intestines in place
colon
large intestine
saliva
digestive juice produced by salivary glands
colostomy
creating an opening to the outside from the colon
rectocele
rectal hernia
defecation
passage of feces through anus
proteases
enzymes that digest protein
pulp
tissue within tooth that contains nerves
sialolith
salivary stone
rugae
ridges of hard palate and on walls of stomach
sigmoid colon
lower part of colon; shaped like an S
uvula
soft tissue hanging down from soft palate; "small grape"