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48 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
The generic name for Pramisyl and Rezipas is
4-aminosalicylic acid
The generic name for Asacol, Pentasa, and Rowasa is
mesalamine
The generic name for Dipentum is
olsalazine
The generic name for Azulfadine is
sulfasalazine
4-aminosalicylic acid,mesalamine,olsalazine and sulfasalazine is used to treat
ulcerative colitis
What is the therapeutic action of drugs used to treat GI spasms
they block the effects of acetylcholine and cholinergic receptors
Mobility and peristalsis in the GI tract are controlled by the
Parasympathetic nervous system
What is the therapeutic action of antacids
neutralizing acid
What drugs block special histamine receptors in the gastric parietal cells and prevent the release of acid
H2 blockers
What is the generic name for Cytotec
misoprostol
Cytotec works by
protecting the mucosa when natural prostaglandin by arthritis drugs
What is the generic name for Carafate
sucralafate
What is the therapeutic action of Carafate
binds directly to the injured areas of the mucous membranes that are draining fluid high in protein
The drug that forms a protective layer or bandage over an ulcer allowing it to heal is called
Carafate (sucralafate)
The stomach, small and large intestine,gall-bladder,liver and pancreas make up the
GI tract
Secrete through openings in the mouth to moisten and lubricate food
salivary glands
Plays an essential role in the normal metabolism of carbohydrates, fats, and proteins
pancreas
Produces bile, fibrinogen,heparin, and blood proteins
liver
Stores iron, vitamins B12, A, D, E, and K
liver
Produces body heat
liver
Detoxifies harmful substances such as drugs and alcohol
liver
What accessory organ stores and concentrates bile
gall-bladder
What accessory organ produces digestive enzymes and secretes the hormones insulin and glucagon directly into the blood stream
pancreas
The four accessory organs are
salivary glands
liver
gall-bladder
pancreas
Direct visual examination via a flexible colonoscope is called
colonoscopy
An X-ray of the gall-bladder is called
colecystography
What test is performed to determine the hepatitis B virus
hepatic antigen (HAA)
Inflammation of the stomach is called
gastritis
Inflammation of the stomach and intestine is called
gastroenteritis
The GI tract is sometimes inappropiately called the
alimentary canal
The alimentary canal referes to the sysem that goes from the
mouth to the anus
The alimentary canal contains organs such as
lips esophagus
tongue rectum
teeth anus
salivary glands
GI tract
Drugs that slow peristalsis in the intestinal tract or absorb extra water in diarrhea stools or forming a gel are called
anti-diarrheal drugs
The common ending for H2 blockes is
-tidine
Drugs that are similar to amphetamines in chemistry and work by affecting the dopamine or seratonin levels that influence the satiety center of the brain are called
appetite suppressants
Appetite suppressants are only used for the short term treatment of
exogenous obesity
Compazine is used to treat
nausea and vomiting
The generic name for Pepcid is
famotidine
pertaining to the abdomen
celiac
Difficulty in digestion or indigestion is called
dyspepsia
The vomiting of blood is called
hematemesis
Pertaining to after a meal is termed
post prandial
Excessive vomiting is called
hyperememisis
Sublingual means
below the tongue
GI referes to
gastrointestinal
The abbreviation PO means
per os (by mouth)
The abbreviation for barium enema is
BaE
The abbreviation for nothing by mouth is
NPO