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36 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
microscopic structure within the kidney that creates urine
nephron
notched part of the kidney where ureter and other structures join the kidney
hilum
outer tissue of an organ
cortex
inner tissue of an organ
medulla
visible tissues within the medulla of the kidneys
pyramids
tip of the pyramid
papilla
hollow space of the kidney that junctions with the ureter
renal pelvis
tuft of capillaries where blood is filtered into a nephron
glomerulus
hollow cup shaped first part of the nephron tubule
bowmans capsule
part of the tubule beyond the bowmans capsule
proximal tubule
part of the tubule beyond the proximal tubule
descending loop of henle
part of the tubule beyond the descending loop of henle
ascending loop of henle
part of the tubule beyond the ascending loop of henle
distal tubule
larger structure beyond the distal tubule into which urine drips
collecting duct
removal of blood or water or other elements which enter the nephron tubule
glomerular filtration
substance moving from a nephron tubule back to the blood
reabsorption
movement of a substance from the blood into a nephron tubule
secretion
fluid produced in bowmans capsule by filtration of blood
filtrate
volume per day at which blood is filtered through the capillaries of the glomerulus
glomerular filtration rate
random motion of molecules from an area of high concentration to an area of lower concentration
simple diffusion
diffusion pattern of water in which molecules move to equalize concentrations on both sides of a membrane
osmosis
a solution that has a concentration of the substance greater than that of a second solution
hyperosmolar
a solution that has a concentration of the substance lower than that of a second solution
hypoosmolar
molecule specific carrier speeds the molecules movement from a region of higher concentration to one of lower concentration
facilitated diffusion
molecule moving through a cell from an area of lower concentration to an area of higher concentration
active transport
formation and passage of dilute urine, decreasing blood volume
diuresis
formation and passage of concentrated urine to increase blood volume
antidiuresis
increased urine and dehydration when high levels of glucose cannot be reabsorbed into the blood from the kidney tubules
osmotic diuresis
a waste product caused by metabolism within muscle cells
creatinine
enzyme in kidneys that helps with controlling arterial blood pressure
renin
duct that carries urine from kidney to bladder
ureter
muscular organ that houses urine before elimination
urinary bladder
duct that carries urine from urinary bladder out of the body
urethra
muscular tissue that seperates the vagina and anus
perineum
fatty layer of tissue over the pubis symphysis
mons pubis
structure that protects vagina and urethra
labia