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15 Cards in this Set

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Where does food first enter? And what happens there?
it starts in the oral cavity, or the mouth, and a mechanical digestion occurs (chewing) chemical breakdown also occurs there. amylase helps break down carbs
Whats chemical digestion?
Produced by the body, break down foods into there smaller chemical building block
Whats mechanical digestion?
When food are physically broken down into smaller peices
What is peristalsis?
Muscular movements that push food through the intestinal track
Whats a enzyme?
Make chemicals reactions faster
Describe the relationship between the liver, gall blader, and small intestines. How are they connected?
The liver produces bile, which is transferred and stored in the gall bladder, and after is transferred to the small intestines. They are connected by the common bile duct
What is the function of the liver? And what is the function of the pancres? Describe their relationsship
The liver produces bile. pancrease produces incolin. They booth send what they produce into the small intestine to break down food.
where is the first place chemical digestion occurs?
The mouth or oral cavity
Where is the first place mechanical digestion occurs?
The mouth or oral cavity
What are the smallest forms of carbs, proteins, and fats
carbs= sugar
protein= amino acids
fats= lippen
List the six basic nutrients
protein, water, minerals, fats, carbs, vitamins
Describe the difference between saturated and non saturated fats?
unsaturated are usually liquiod at room temperture and saturated are usually solid at room temperture
describe the difference between a C calorie and a c calories
C= food calories
c= energy calories
What nutrients provide the most energy?
Carbohydrates
How does water effect the body? where is it reabsorbed and how from digestive food?
Reabsorbed in the large intestines