Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/23

Click to flip

23 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
The breaking down of food polymers.
DIGESTION
Physical separation of clumps of food into smaller pieces.
MECHANICAL DIGESTION
Breakdown of polymers to monomers.
CHEMICAL DIGESTION
Breaks down polymers.
ENZYMES
Emulsifies fats.
BILE
Denatures proteins found in food.
ACIDS
Neutralizes acids.
BASES
Nutrients we must eat; we can't synthesize them.
ESSENTIAL
Nutrients our bodies can make from other food.
NONESSENTIAL
Nutrients that provide energy (i.e. carbs, proteins, lipids).
CALORIC
Nutrients that don't provide energy (i.e. vitamins, minerals, H20).
NONCALORIC
Nutrient needed for muscles, skin, nails, hair, enzymes (i.e. meat, nuts, eggs, beans).
PROTEIN
Nutrient used for storing energy, insulation, membranes.
LIPIDS
Nutrient used for energy.
CARBOHYDRATES
Organic molecules that activate enzymes.
VITAMINS
Inorganic nutrients that form specific structures in the body (i.e. K, Fe).
MINERALS
Solvent for the body's reactions that flushes out wastes.
WATER
What are the six types of nutrients?
CARBOHYDRATES, PROTEINS, LIPIDS, VITAMINS, MINERALS, WATER
Lard, butter.
SATURATED FATS
Vegetable oil.
UNSATURATED FATS
Crisco, margerine.
TRANS FATS
Glucose, sucrose (sugars).
SIMPLE CARBS
Starches, bread, pasta, potatoes.
COMPLEX CARBS