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39 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
what does the Hepatic System do?
is a network of veins that drains blood from the GI Organs
what are the three veins that connect to form the hepatic portal vein
inferior mesenteric vein
splenic vein
superior mesenteric vein
what does the hepatic vein do
collects blood from liver and return it to the liver then the inferior vena cava
what does the inferior mesenteric vein do
draining the distal part of the colon
what does the splenic vein do
drain the spleen, pancreas and stomach
what does the superior mesenteric vein do
drain blood from the small intestines, proximal part of colon, pancreas and stomach
Name the arteries in the upper limb from the heart to the hand
Ascending Aorta
Brachiocephalic
Subclavian
Axillary
Brachial
Radial and Ulnar
Lymphatic Motion and Pressure Gradient:
Highest-to-Lowest Pressure
Blood Capillaries
Interstitial Fluid
Lymph Capullaries
Lymph Veins
Lymph Ducts
Large Circ. Veins
Chewed Food+Saliva=
Bolus
What makes up the GI Tract
Oral Cavity
Pharynx
Esophagus
Stomach
Small Intestine
Large Intestine
what makes up the Accessory Digestive Organs
Teeth
Tongue
Salivary Glands
Liver
Gall Bladder
Pancreas
What two regions make up the oral cavity and where are they
Vestibule-between cheeks/lips and gums

Oral Cavity Proper-central to the alveolar processes of the mandible and maxillae
what divides the nasal cavity from the oral cavity
hard palate-palatine processes of the maxillae and the horiz. plates of the palatine bone

soft palate-skeletal muscle
what is the uvula
inferior part of the soft palate
a conical median projection

closes of the nasal cavity when swallowing
what are the first lines of defense. monitors ingested food for antigens
Palatine Tonsils between the glossopalatine and pharyngopalatine arches
Three Glands associated with the oral cavity
Parotid Salivary- Largest (25-30%)
Submandibular- Most Active (60-70%)
Sublingual- 3-5%
Cranial Nerve Innervate the Three Glands
Parotid and duct- Glossopharyngeal CNIX

Submandibular and duct-
Sublingual and duct-
Facial CN VII
Sjogen Syndrome
infection of the Parotid Glands
what is the Portal Triad and what encloses it
Portal Vein
Bile Duct
Hepatic Artery

Enclosed by Lesser Omentum
what lines the inside surface of the body wall
parietal peritoneum
what lines the surface of the internal organs
visceral peritoneum
what are organs completely covered by visceral peritoneum called and what are they
intraperitoneal organs:
stomach,
part of duodenum,
jejunum,
ilium,
cecum,
appendix,
tranverse and sigmoid colon
explain retroperitoneal organs
organs that lie on the posterior end of the ab wall, only anteriolateral portion is covered with visceral peritoneum
what are the retroperitoneal organs
Kidneys
Ureters
Adrenals
duodenum,
pancreas
ascending and descending colon
rectum
where is the esophagus
posterior to trachea
Inhibits airflow into the esophagus
Superior esophageal sphincter
(pharyngealesophageal)
Inhibits gastric content backflow
Inferior esophageal sphincter

Failure=GARD
what is the epiglottis
a flap that closes the trachea when swallowing food, preventing food from going into the trachea
what is the pylorus, pyloric sphincter, pyloric orifice
pylorus-the narrow end of the stomach
pyloric sphincter-the valve
pyloric orifice- the opening
what increases the surface area of the small intestine
circular folds

more prominent in duodenum and jejunum than ileum
name all the parts of the large intestine from the ileocecal valve to the anal canal
ileocecal valve
cecum (vermiform appendix)
Ascending colon
hepatic flexure
transverse colon
splenic flexure
descending colon
sigmoid flexure
sigmoid colon
rectum
anal canal
what causes appendicitis
most cases involve obstruction of appendix by fecal matter
colorectal cancer
second most common cancer in the US.

most common at descending colon, rectum, and sigmoid colon. because most time occupied by feces
functions of Liver
Hepatocytes produce bile to break down fats via chemical digestion

Store vitamins and nutrients
Synthesized blood plasma
functions of gallbladder
stores bile produced by the liver

cystic duct connects the GB to the common bile duct
Right Lobe of Liver
Quadrate is adjacent to...
Gall Bladder
Right Lobe of Liver
Caudate is adjacent to...
Inferior vena cava
what is the biliary apparatus
a network of ducts connecting the liver and gall bladder to the duodenum.
bile flows through the BA
what makes up the:
common hepatic duct

common bile duct
CHD: left and right hepatic ducts

CBD: CHD and cystic duct