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12 Cards in this Set

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Diazepam (Valium)
anticonvulsant; benzodiazepine; tranquilizer
action (1-2)
1)suppresses the spread of seizure activity and raises the seizure threshold in the motor cortex.
2) sedative effect depresses the CNS and reduces anxiety
action (3-5)
3) skeletal muscle relaxant
4) Induces amnesia
5) onset of action is within 1 to 5 min. for IV and immediate for rectal
Side effects
Respiratory: respiratory arrest/depression
CardioVascular: Bradycardia, reflex-tachycardia, hypotension
Absolute: Head injury; Hypersensitivity; Respiratory depression
Relative:CNS Depression; Hypotension
Precautions (1-2)
1)dont mix with any other drug because of potential to precipitate 2) Use with caution in elderly and children
Precautions (3-4)
3)Inject in the port closest to the patient because diazepam causes local venous irritation
4) Dont administer diazepam faster than 5mg/min
Drug Interactions
Potentiate of sedative effects in the presence of antihistamines, antidepressants, alcohol, narcs. barbituates, sedatives, and hypnotics
20mg/ 2ml and 10 mg/ 2ml vials and preloads
Adult dose
Seizures: 5 to 10 mg IV. May repeat q 5 to 15 in prn to a max dose of 20mg
Anxiety: 2 to 5 mg IV or IM
Cardiversion: 5 to 10mg IV titrated to effect
Pedi Dose
Seizures: 0.1mg/kg IV may repeat q 5 to15 min prn to a max dose of 20mg