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28 Cards in this Set

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anorexia
lack or loss of appitite, resulting in the inability to eat
(not anorexia nervosa, which is a complex psychogenic eating disorder char. by an all-consuming desire to remain thin)
appendicitis
inflammation of the appendix, usually due to obstruction or infection
(if undiagnosed, appendicitis rapidly leads to perforation and peritonitis. Tx is appendectomy within 24-48hrs of the 1st symptoms b/c delay usually results in rupture and peritonitis as fecal matter is released into the peritoneal cavity)
ascites
accumulation of serous fluid in the abdomen
(associated primarily with cirrhosis of the liver, venous hypertension-high BP, cancer, and heart failure)
borborygmus
rumbling or gurgling noises that are audible at a distance and caused by passage of gas through the liquid contents of the intestine
cachexia
general lack of nutrition and wasting ocurring in the course of a chronic disease or emotional disturbance
cholelithiasis
presence or formation of gallstones in the gallbladder or common bile duct
(cholelithiasis may or may not produce symptoms)
Crohn disease, regional enteritis
chronic inflammation, usually of the ileum, but possibly affecting any portion of the intestinal tract
(chronic disease distinguished from closely related bowel disorders by its inflammatory pattern that causes fever, cramping, diarrhea, and weight loss)
cirrhosis
chronic, irreversible, degenerative disease of the liver
(most commonly caused by chronic alcoholism but may also be caused by toxins, infectious agents, metabolic dis, and circulatory disorders.Hepatic cells are replaced by fibrous tiss that impairs the flow of bld and lymph within the liver, resulting in hepatic insufficiency)
colic
spasm in any hollow or tubular soft organ accompanied by pain, especially in the colon
deglutition
act of swallowing
dysentery
inflammation of the intestine(colon) caused by ingesting water or food containing chem irratants, bact, protozoa, or parasites, that results in bloody diarrhea
dyspepsia
epigastric discomfort felt after eating; AKA indigestion
dysphagia
inability or difficulty in swallowing AKA aphagia
eructation
producing gas from the stomach, usually with a characteristic sound AKA belching
fecalith
fecal concertion
flatus
gas in the GI tract, expelling of air from a body orifice, especially the anus
gatroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)
backflow of gstric contents into the esophagus due to a malfunction of the sphincter muscle at the inferior portion of the esophagus
(may occur when press in stomach is greater than in the esophagus and may be assoc w/ heartburn, esophagitis, or chest pain)
halitosis
offensive or bad breath
hematemesis
vomiting of blood
(bright red bld - upper GI bleeding - assoc with esophageal varices or peptic ulcer)
irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)
symptome complex marked by abdominal pain and altered bowel func (constipation, diarrhea) with no organic cause AKA spastic colon
(contributing factors:anxiety/stress
obstipation
intestinal obstruction
AKA severe constipation
malabsorption syndrome
symptom complex of small intestine char. by the impaired passage of nutrients, minerals, or fluids through intestinal villi into the blood or lymph
oral leukoplakia
formation of white spots or patches on the mucous membrane of the tongue, lips, check caused primarily by irritation (precancerous cond assoc with pipe/cigarette somoking or ill-fitting dentures)
melena
passage of dark-colored, tarry stools, due to the presence of blood altered by intestinal juices
peristalsis
progressive, wavelike movement that occurs involuntarily in hollow tubes of the body, especially the GI tract
pyloric stenosis
stricture or narrowing of the pyloric orifice, possibly due to excessive thickening of the pyloric sphincter(circular muscle of the pylorus) Tx: surgical section of the thickened muscle around the pyloric orifice
regurgitation
backward flowing, as in the return of solids or fluids to the mouth from the stomach or the backward flow of blood through a defective heart valve
steatorrhea
passage of fat in large amounts in the feces due to failure to digest and absorb it (may occur in pancreatic dis when pancreatic enzymes are not sufficient, also in malabsorption syndrome)