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37 Cards in this Set

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adnexa
accessory parts of a structure
(adnexa uteri - ovaries/fallopian tubes)
atresia
congenital absence or closure of a normal body opening such as the vagina
choriocarcinoma
malignant neoplasm of the uterus or at the site of an ectopic preg
corpus luteum
ovarian scar tiss from rupturing follicle during ovulation adn becomes small yellow body that produces progesterone after ovulation
contraceptive diaphragm
hemisphere of thin rubber bonded to a flexible ring; inserted into vagina w/spermicidal jelly/cream up ot 2 hr before coitus so that spermatozoa can't enter the uterus (preventing conception)
dyspareunia
occurrence of pain during sexual intercourse
endocervicitis
inflammation of the mucous lining of hte cervix uteri
(chronic due to infection, accompanied by cervical erosion)
fibroids
benign uterine tumores composed of muscle adn fibrous tiss AKA leiomyomas (myomas) and fibromyoma uteri
infertility
inability/diminished ability to produce offspring
hormonal contraception
use of hormones to suppress ovulation and prevent conception
oral contraceptive pills (OCPs)
birth control pills containing estrogen and progesterone in varying proportions (98% effective)
menarche
beginning of mentrual function
oligomenorrhea
scanty/infrequent menstrual flow
perineum
region btwn vulva and anus that constitutes the pelvic floor
puberty
period during which secondary sex char begin to develop and the capability of sexual reproduction is attained
pyosalpinx
pus in the fallopian tube
retroversion
turning or state of being turned back, esp and entire organ (uterus - tipped from norm position)
sterility
inability of female to become preg or male to impregnate female
vaginismus
painful spasm of the vagina from contraction of the muscles surrounding the vagina
abruptio placentae
premature separation of a normally situated placenta
abortion
termination of preg before embryo/fetus is capable of surviving outside the uterus
amnion
membrane, continuous w/ and covering the fetal side of the placenta, that forms the outer surface of the umbilical cord
breech presentation
common abnormality of delivery in which the fetal buttocks or feet present rather than the head
Down syndrome, trisomy 21
congenital cond characterized by physical malformations and some degree of mental retardation
dystocia
difficult labor which may be produced by the lg size of the fetus or the small size of the pelvic outlet
eclampsia
most serious form of toxemia during preg
(signs: high BP, edema, convulsions, renal dysfuction, proteinuria, and coma)
ectopic pregnancy
preg in which the fertilized ovum doesn't reach the uterine cavity but becomes implanted on any tiss other than the lining of the uterine cavity (fallopian tube, ovary, abdomen, cervix uteri) types: abdominal preg, ovarian preg, tubal preg
gravida
pregnant woman
multigravida
woman who has been preg more than once
multipara
woman who has delivered more than one viable infant
para
woman who has given birth to one or more viable infants
parturition
process of giving birth
pelvimetry
meas of pelvic dimensions or proportions, which helps determine whether it will be possible to deliver a fetus throught the normal route
placenta previa
cond in which the placenta is attached near the cervix and ruptures prematurely, w/spotting as the early symptom
primigravida
woman preg for the 1st time
primipara
woman who has given birth to one viable infant, 1st child, indicated by the notation para I on the pt's chart
puerperium
period of 42 days after childbirth and expulsion of the placenta and membranes, during which the reproductive organs usually return to normal