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24 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
anuria
absence of urine production or urinary output
azotemia
retention of excessive amts of nitrogenous compds(urea, cratinine and uric acid) in the bld AKA uremia
chronic renal failure
renal failure that occurs over a period of yrs, kidneys lose ability to maintain vol and composition of body fluids with normal dietary intake (result of dec # of functioning nephrons in kidneys)
dysuria
painful/difficult urination
enuresis
involuntary discharge of urine AKA incontinence (at night- nocturnal enuresis; day- diurnal enureisis)
fistula
abn passage from a hollow organ to the surface or from one organ to another
frequency
voiding at frequent intervals
hesitancy
involuntary delay in initiating urination
nephrotic syndrome
loss of lg amts of plasma protein, usually albumin, by way of urine, due to inc permeability of the glomerular membrane (commonly assoc w/hypoprotienemia, edema, and hyperlipidemia)
nocturia
excessive/frequent urination after going to bed (excessive fluid intake, diabetes mellitus, UTI, prostate dis, impaired renal func, diuretics)
oliguria
diminished capacity to form and pass urine so that the end products of metabolism can't be excreted efficiently
(fluid/electrolyte imbalance, renal lesion, UT obstruction)
urgency
feeling of the need to void immediately (UTI)
urolithiasis
presence of stones in any urinary structure
Wilms tumor
rapidly developing malignant neoplasm of the kidney that usually occurs in children
(diag by excretory urogram w/tomography. may metastasize to lymph nodes adn lungs)
anorchidism
congenital absence of one or both testes
AKA anorchia/anorchism
Tx replacement of testosterone
aspermia
failure to form or ejaculate semen
balanitis
inflammation of the skin covering the glans penis (uncircumcised/poor pers hygeine)
epispadias
malformation in which the urethra opens on the dorsum of the penis
erectile dysfunction
repeated inability to get or keep an erection firm enough for sexual intercourse
hydrocele
accumulation of serous fluid in a saclike cavity, esp testes and associated structures
hypospadias
developmental anomaly in which the urethra opens on the underside of the penis or on the perineum
phimosis
stenosis or narrowing of preputial orifice so that the foreskin can't be retracted over the glas penis
sterility
inability to produce offspring; inability to fertilize ovum
varicocele
swelling/distention of veins of the spermatic cord