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9 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Key factors in controlling Type II diabetes?
Diet and physical activity
What is the common measurement of blood glucose level?
mg/dl or milligrams per deciliter. May also be measured as mmol/l or millimoles per liter.
1mmol/l = 18 mg/dl
Central issue in reducing effects of diabetes?
Regulation of blood glucose levels
Diabetes Control & Complications Trial
What is Type II diabetes?
Also known as "maturity onset" diabetes or non-insulin dependent diabetes (NIDDM). Sufferer produces insulin but it is not effective in controlling blood glucose level.
Insulin-resistant diabetes
What is type I diabets?
Also known as "juvenile onset" diabetes, the sufferer produces no insulin and is dependent on insulin injections to survive. Also known as insulin dependent diabetes mellitus - IDDM. Autoimmune diabetes.
What is insulin?
Insulin is a hormone produced by the pancreas' beta cells.
Alpha cells
Pancreatic cells that produce glucagon.
What are beta cells?
Pancreatic cells that produce,store and release insulin into the blood stream.