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66 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
  • 3rd side (hint)
The combined push and pull stroke commonly used to activate a periodontal probe

HINT (two words)
Walking (stroke)
2 across
This type of lateral pressure can result in gouging of the root surface, patient discomfort, and clinician fatigue
Excessive (Pressure)
5 across
Describes the relationship between the working end of the instrument and the tooth surface being treated
9 across
The place on a tooth where the third finger of the hand is placed during instrumentation to provide stabilization and control

HINT (two words)
Finger Rest
11 across
The pressure that is required of an instrument to the tooth during a scaling procedure
Lateral Pressure
12 across
Refers to the angle formed by the working end of the instrument and the tooth surface; usually 60-80 degrees
16 across
A type of scaling instrument that has a single straight cutting edge that is turned at a 99 degree angle to the shank.
Hoe (Scaler)
17 across
Used to sharpen files

HINT (two words)
Tang File (or Tanged File)

Tanged = projections from a tool or knife
19 across
A cylindrical-shaped sharpening stone that is applied to the face of the instrument rather than angled along the side of the cutting edge
(Sharpening) Cone
21 across
Refers to the using the mirror to view or provide light to any area of the mouth
Indirect (Vision)
22 across
When you are using the modified pen grasp, the position of the instrument against this finger is extremely important to instrument control

HINT (two words)
Middle Finger
23 Across
The support upon which your scaling hand finger rests so that force can be exerted during the scaling procedure in order to remove calculus
25 Across
A type of instrument HANDLE that is lighter weight, enhances tactile sensitivity, and lessens clinician fatigue
a "Hollow" Handle

w/ a 3/8" or 5/16" diameter handle
27 Across
A type of instrument that permits exchange or replacement of the working end
Cone Socket (Handles)

Ex: Mouth Mirrors that can screws off and on
28 Across
Refers to the hand that is usually used for holding a scaling instrument during treatment
Dominant Hand
32 Across
The number used to identify a specific instrument

HINT (two words)
Design Number
36 Across
This type of instrument has only ONE WORKING-END
40 Across
This instrument is used to DISLODGE HEAVY CALCULUS by pushing HORIZONTALLY from facial to lingual on the proximal surface of teeth
Chisel (Scaler)

Ex: On lingual of Mand. anterior teeth
41 Across
Metal particles removed during sharpening that remain attached to the edge of the instrument; sometimes referred to as the bur

HINT (two words)
Wire Edge
43 Across
Refers to a sharpening technique in which the dental instrument is STABILIZED against the edge of an IMMOVABLE work area with the nondominant hand and the stone is applied at the appropriate angle
Moving Stone Technique
45 Across
The thick, STRONGER, less flexible instrument SHANK needed for removal of heavy calculus deposits
Rigid (Thick Shank)
48 Across
A SHARPENING STONE that is attached to a rotary motor
Mandrel Mounted Sharpening Stone
49 Across
Refers to a FINE-GRAINED instrument SHARPENING STONE made of natural mineral materials

HINT (two words)
Arkansas Stone
52 Across
Refers to the CUTTING EDGE of an instrument that visually presents a rounded, shiny surface that reflects light
53 Across
AREA OF THE TOOTH where treatment is indicated and the STROKE of the dental instrument is applied

HINT (two words)
Instrumentation Zone
54 Across
Connects the handle and the working end of a dental instrument
56 Across
An artificial sharpening stone material (three words)
Ceramic Aluminum Oxide

***Steel Alloys are metals that are HARDER than most dental instruments and are capable of sharpening
62 Across
This type of instrument has paired working ends that may be either mirror image or complementary
63 Across
Refers to the CUTTING EDGE of an instrument that is a fine line, has no width, and DOES NOT reflect light
"Sharp" Cutting Edge

Isn't this also called the Blade?????
64 Across
The type of instrument SHAFT that is designed to help give better access to very deep pockets
"Elongated" Terminal Shank
65 Across
A SCALING instrument with a ROUNDED working end;

HINT there are two types (Universal & Area-Specific)
66 Across
A working stroke that is PARALLEL with the LONG AXIS of the tooth being treated
Vertical Stroke
1 Down
Refers to SHARPENING STONES made with materials other than natural mineral stone
Stones made of Artificial (Materials)
3 Down
The POSITION of the BLADE of an area-specific Gracey curet
Offset (Blade)

(1) It's set at 70 degrees for an Area-Specific Gracey-curet
(2) Whereas the Universal Curet is set at 90 degrees (perpendicular)
4 Down
A SHARPENING METHOD in which the flat stone is placed on a steady surface and the instrument is MOVED ACROSS the surface of the stone
Stationary Stone - Moving Instrument Technique
6 Down
Refers to development of the control, coordination and strength needed to become proficient in the efficient and effective use of dental instruments
(Manual) Dexterity
7 Down
Refers to a LIGHT PRESSURE STROKE that disrupts dental biofilm from the root surface of a previously ROOT-PLANNED tooth surface
Root "Debridement" Stroke
8 Down
Refers to the instrument stroke that is applied with an instrument to ACCOMPLISH A TASK, such as removing calculus
Working (Stroke)
10 Down
Dental hygiene INSTRUMENT that is usually held by the NON-DOMINANT hand
Mouth Mirror
13 Down
Refers to an ARKANSAS STONE that has metal particles ground into the surface and needs to be cleaned by rubbing with emery paper
It is "glazed"
14 Down
Refers to the ACCEPTABLE STATE for the sharpening stone and testing stick before use for sharpening dental instruments
18 Down
The type of STROKE that is used when activating most SCALING instruments
Pull (Stroke)
20 Down
A COARSER GRAIN-SHARPENING STONE useful for preliminary sharpening of an excessively dulled instrument
21 Down
The type of instrument SHANK that is designed to help adapt the instrument to DIFFICULT TO REACH areas, such as distal surfaces of molars
24 Down
SINGLE, unbroken movement of the instrument as it is applied against the tooth surface
A "Stroke"
26 Down
Refers to a STROKE that is DEPENDENT on the SURFACE TEXTURE of the area being instrumented; lighter pressure is applied progressively as strokes continue and the surface becomes smooth
Root Planing

Lateral pressure begins as Moderately firm if deposits are present, and then as strokes continue take on more of a lighter pressure
29 Down
Another term for SHARPENED WORKING END of a dental instrument
30 Down
This type of LATERAL PRESSURE when scaling contributes to BURNISHING calculus
"Insufficient" Pressure
31 Down
The HAND POSITION that is used to hold a dental instrument
Modified Pen Grasp
33 Down
Refers to the FINE LINE where the face and the lateral surfaces of a well-sharpened dental instrument meet
Cutting Edge
34 Down
One of the (3) types of STROKES that can be applied against the tooth surface with an instrument

HINT: a diagonal stroke
Oblique (Stroke)
35 Down
The FINGER that established FULCRUM when using a modified pen grasp during instrumentation
Ring Finger
37 Down
Refers to a SCALING INSTRUMENT in which the relationship of the shank, blade and handle are in a FLAT PLANE

HINT: indicates that the instrument is used on ANTERIOR TEETH
"Straight" Scaler
38 Down
A name for a TYPE OF SCALER

Jacquette ( Straight Scaler)
39 Down
An ARTIFICIAL SHARPENING STONE that is cleaned by scrubbing with water and repaired by using a Joe Dandy disc to remove grooves
Ruby Stone
42 Down
RELAXED and LEVEL when working in the NEUTRAL position
44 Down
Refers to the SIZE of the instrument handle

HINT: usually available in 4 sizes

comes in:
(1) 3/8
(2) 5/16
(3) 1/4
(4) 3/16
46 Down
A WORKING STROKE that is applied PARALLEL with the occlusal surface of the tooth being treated
Horizontal (Stroke)
47 Down
Refers to the UNIQUE AREA of each instrument that is used to carry out the PURPOSE and FUNCTION of that instrument
Working End
50 Down
REMOVAL of INFLAMED SOFT TISSUE inside a periodontal pocket
51 Down
Refers to the instrument STROKE that is used to EXPLORE

HINT: uses a LIGHT PRESSURE in order to magnify tactile sensitivity
"Assessment" Stroke
55 Down
STROKE that applies definite, WELL-CONTROLLED PRESSURE on the surface of a tooth

HINT: refers to instrumentation of a tooth to remove calculus
"Scaling" Stroke
57 Down
The THINNER type of instrument SHANK that may provide MORE TACTILE sensitivity and is used to remove FINE CALCULUS or for maintenance root debridement
"Flexible" Shank
58 Down
To SMOOTH and POLISH the surface of calculus (usually with an instrument that is NOT SHARP) instead of removing it completely with a well-sharpened instrument
59 Down
The POSITION of wrist, forearm, elbow, and shoulder that PREVENTS occupational pain risk for dental hygienists
" Neutral" Position
60 Down
A type of SCALING INSTRUMENT that has MULTIPLE CUTTING edges lined up on a round, oval or rectangular base
File (Scaler)
61 Down