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50 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
first inflammatory cell to arrive at the inflamed site.
Neutrophil
caled a monocytle in the blood
Macrophage
Proteins produced by plasma cells
Antibodies
Considered to be a foreign material (e.g. bacteria)
Antigen
Cells involved in humoral immunity
B-Lymphocytes
Tartgets the human immunodeficiency virus.
T-Lymphoctes
What is the loss of clinical connective tissue attachment with subsequent bone loss.
Periodontitis
What is the ongoing loss of clinical connective tissus attachment and bone is referred to as periodontal disease
Activity (PDA)
The predominant phagocytic cell is
Neutrophil (PMN)
The Host Response in nature is
Defense mechanism
The major cells of the immune system are the
PMN's (eutrophils)
What are synthesized and released by plasma cells
Antibodies
The Periodontal diseases are involved in WHAT? immunity
Humoral
The migration of neutrophils (PMNs) to the site of an invading pathogen is due to:
a) clotting. b) sef-recognition. c) phagocvtosis d) chemotaxosis
D. Chemotaxi
Humoral immunity is provided by: a)plasma cells b) B-cells c) T-cells d) neutrophils e) macrophages
B. B-Cells
Which of the following cells is considered to be phagocytic
a) T-cells
b) B-cells
c) macrophage
d) plasma cells
C. Macrophage
Neutrophils arrive at the site of infection in the gingival connective tissue from the:
a) blood vessels
b) alveolar bone
c) gingival epithelim
d) periodontal ligament
e) lymph vessels
A. blood vessels
All of the follwing theories of disease activity may be valid EXCEPT one. Which one is the exception?
a) random burst
b) continuous model
c) asynchronous multiple burst
d) specific burst
D. specific burst
Which of the following substances specifically kills neutrophils?
a) Leukotoxin
b) endotoxin
c) ammonia
d) sulfur
A. leukotoxin
All of the following substances released by bacteria are considered toxic to host cells EXCEPT one. Which one is the exceptiion?
a) endotoxin
b) Leukotoxin
c) histamine
d) exotoxin
e) hyaluronidase
C. Histamine
The host (body) interacts with microorganism in the pocket via the;
a) saliva
b) crevicular fluid
c) gingival epithelium
d) gingival connective tissue
B. crevicular fluid
Which of the following tissue structures acts as a protective barrier for the passage of antigenic substances?
a) gingival connective tissue
b) alveolar bone
c) junctional epithelium
d) hemidesmosomes
C. junctional epithelium
The definitiion of phagocytosis is;
a) eat and digest
b) squish and swallow
c) enzymatic degradation
d) chemical degradation
A. eat and digest
Which of the following substances is a type of cytokine?
a) collagenase
b) proteinase
c) hyaluronidase
d) interleukin-1
e) gelatinase
D. interleukin-1
which of the following substances "coats' the bacteria to aid in phagocytosis?
a) opsonins
b) cytokines
c) collagenases
d) elastases
A. opsonins
Which of the following immunoglobulins is found in the saliva/
a) IgA
b) IgG
c) IgM
d) IgD
e) IgE
A. IgA
Which of the following cells predominate in the body's response to periodontitis?
a) T-Lymphocytes
b) B-Lymphocytes
c) neutrophils
d) macrophages
B. B-Lymphocytes
Which of the following system is activated by the antigen (bacteria)/ antibody complex?
a) phagocytosis
b) opsonization
c) complement
d) umoral
C. complement
occurs within 4 days of plaque
initial lesion
becomes clinically visible
early lesion
occurs from 2-3 weeks
establishd lesion
associated with periodontitis
advanced lesiion accumlation
What Histiopathologic lesion is associated with:
Not clinically visible yet
Initial
What Histiopathologic lesion is associated with:
migration of polymorphonuclear leukocytes
initial
What Histiopathologic lesion is associated with:
predominated by plasma cells B-lymphocytes
established
What Histiopathologic lesion is associated with:
destruction of connective tissue attachment
advanced
What Histiopathologic lesion is associated with:
occurs about 7 days after plaque accumlation
early
page and schroeder's stages and histopathgenesis of perodontal diseases was based on What models
animal
the initial lesion is WHAT dominated
PMN
Thw WHAT lesion is considered to be chronic gingivitis
established
The WHAT lesion is T-cell dominted
early
B-Lymphocytes predominate in the body's response to WHAT?
periodontitis
whit which of the following histopathologic lesion will a patient experience bone loss/
a) initial
b)early
c) established
d) advanced
D. advanced
In which of the following lesions does clinical gingivitis first appear?
a) initial
b) early
c) established
d) advanced
B. early
the inflammatory cells involved in the host's response come frome:
a) blood vessels in the connective tissue
b) lymph nodes in the tissue
c) alveolar bone
d) periodontal ligament
e) cementum
A. blood vessels in the connective tissue
which of thefollowing statments about the histopathologic changes in periodontal diseases is TRUE/
a) the original study was done in 1976
b) research was done on chronic periodontitis patients
c) ther were originally five histologic stages
d) inflammatory changes were clinically detectable in the initial lesion
A. the original study was done in 1976
in which of the following stages is the B-cell found/
a) initial and early
b) early and estadlished
c) established and advanced
d) initial and advanced
e) early and davanced
C. established and advanced
what percentage of collagen is lost in the connective tissue during the early lesion/
a) 10-20
b) 30-60
c) 50-60
d) 60-70
e) 70-80
D. 60-70
which of the following cells makes up the protective wall between the plaque mass and the junctional epithelium/
a) neutrophils
b) plasma cell
c) B-Lymphocytes
d) T-Lymphocytes
A. neutrophils
in which of the following stages do T-Lymphocytes initially become activted/
a) initial
b) early
c) estadlished
d) advaced
B. early