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40 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
politicization of crime
blaming crime for the social disorder perceived in the larger society
war on crime
a federal get tough response to crime that began in the 1960s and continues presently
war on drugs
federal get tough response to drugs that began in the 1970s and continues presently
watchmen
on lookout for those who breached peace
keepers
in charge of keys
guards
expected to enforce discipline
correctional officers
emphasizes professionalism
who is responsible for supervising activities of jail and prison inmates
watchmen, keepers, guards, correctional officers
Scmallegers Classification of Officers in 1995
dictator, friend, merchant, climber, reformer, indifferent
dothard vs rawlinson
no height and weight requirements, permissible to ban women from working in particular dangerous sections of prison
grummet vs rushen
1984 womens right to employment in all male institutions recognized as taking precedence over inmates right to privacy
dictator
friend
merchant
climber
reformer
indifferent
bully co enjoys total control
fraternizes with inmates
supplies inmates with xchange
young CO institutional
do gooder tries to reform
cares lil about work
wardens management style
participatory
corporate management
shared-powers
michigan responsability
texas control
california consenual
challenges of administering prisons
establishing policy
developing goals and achieving
dealing with civil suits
monitoring the institution
staff development
fiscal management
what do inmate codes emphasize
ultramasculinity, fearlessness and hostility, emotionless about pain, solidarity of inmates against staff
causes of prison violence
double/triple bunking, amount of indefensible space, enforced idleness, condtions of prison squalor, availability of violent weapons, crisis of authority within prisons
aryan brotherhood
apolitical, white supremacist
black guerilla family
antigovernment
mexican mafia
ethnic solidarity, drug trafficking
la nuestra familia
protect young rural mexican americans
texas syndicate
protect texas inmates in california
disparity
unequal treatment of one group by the cjs compared to the treatment accorded other groups
discrimination
differential treatment of an individual or group without regard to their behavioral or qualifications
view of differential criminality
more people of color commit more crimes
view of a racist cjs
system treats people of color more harshly then it does whites
view of a racist society
cjs merely represent a vehicle for the expression of racism in the broader society
Differential Response to female offenders
1860s-1960s
separate and diff style prison, removing women from evil influence of men, cottage plan,sisters reforming, enforcing double standard
equalization response to female offenders
1960s-1990
called for equal treatment of male and female prisoners in terms of sentencing and conditions of confinement
female oriented response to female offenders
post 1990, recognition of differences between men and women, merging of benefits and equalization responses
pains of imprisonment involves deprivation of
liberty, goods and services, heterosexual relationships, autonomy, security
how do male prisoners cope with prison life
aggressive reaction
collective reaction
self satisfying reaction
legalistic reaction
withdrawal reaction
positive reaction
how do women prisoners cope with prison life
aggressive reaction
withdrawal reaction
legalistic reaction
positive reaction
hierarchy of mens social roles
right guys
merchants
politicians
outlaws/toughs
rats
queens and punks
rapo
hierarchy of womens social roles
real women
king pin
square
mother
butch
femme
jive bitch
snitcher
special groups of male prisoners
sex offenders, prisoners with aids, lifers, elderly prisoners
stages in juvenile justice system
intake division
detention hearing
adjudicatory hearing
disposition hearing
sentencing options
aftercare
re gault (67)
juveniles accused of crime need fair notice of charages, counsel, face accusers and cross examine, priviledge against self incrimination
re winship (70)
standard of proof used in criminal court (beyond reasonable doubt) was applicable to juveniles
breed vs jones (75)
person adjudicated delinquent canot be later put at risk in criminal court for the same act
roper vs simons (05)
unconstitutional to sentence anyone to death for crim if younger then 18