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28 Cards in this Set

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Basic principles of growth and development?
Physical growth
development
maturation
differentiation
refers to changes in skill an capacity to function
development
growth begins at the head and move toward the legs and feet
cephalocaudally
physical change and increase in size (ht wt teeth etc..)
physcial growth
process by which cells and structures become modified and develop more refined
(simple to complex)
differentiation
what theory explains the development of personality
Psychosocial theory
Freud
Erikson
theori used and promotes health
Maslow's hierarchy of needs
theories explain the development of the intellectual abilities(thinking,reasoning,and use of language)
Cognitive theory
theories describe how the reasoning a person uses to decide what is right and wrong changes with age
Moral development theory

Kohlberg
Gilligan
theories describe the development of faith.
spiritual theory

Fowler
Westerhoff
arises at or about a certain period in a person's life which, if achieved, leads to happiness and success with later tasks. if not achieved leads to unhappiness, difficulty with later tasks, and social disapproval?
Development task(theory by Havighurst
Name 5 stages of Freud's theory of psychosexual development?
oral (birth to 1 yr)
anal (2-3 yrs)
phallic (4-5 yrs)
latency (6-12 yrs)
genital (13 and older)
responsible for a persons instinctive and unconscious urges
Id(sexual in nature)
serves to make effective contact with social and physical needs
Ego
the sense of right and wrong and serves to mediate the ego and Id
Superego
Name the 8 stages of development by Erickson?
Infancy(1-18mts)trust v mistrust
early child(18-3y)autonomy v shame and doubt
late childhood (3-5y) initiative vs guilt
School age (6-12y)industry vs inferiorty
Adolescense (12-20y)identity v role confusion
Young adulthood (25-65)Generativity v stagnation
Maturity (65 N up)integrity v despair
Name Maslow's Needs
Self actualization
self esteem
love and belonging
safety and security
physiologic
this need includes
air,food,water,shelter,rest,sleep,activity and temperature
lowest needs
crucial for survival
Physiologic Need
needs are physical and psychological and are the
Second level on need
Safety and security
Third level of need
giving and receiving affection,
attaining and maintaining the feeling of belonging in a group
Love and belonging
feelings of independence
competence
self respect
esteem, respect for others
self esteem
Highest level of need

Max potential developed and ones abilities and qualities are fullfilled
Self actualization
Name the 5 stages of development of Piagets theory?
sensorimotor(birth-2y)
preconceptual(2-4y)
intuitive thought(4-7)
concrete operations(7-11)
formal operations(11-15)
Name Kohlberg stages of moral development
premoral/preconventional
conventional
postconventional
actions are taken to satisfy ones own nees and the action is judged to be wrong if it is punished and right if not.
premoral/preconventional
actions are taken to please others and gain approval:
right=if you follow rules
conventional
actions are based on obeying laws that protect the welfare of others. person recognizes personal values and opinions, avoids violation of rights.
Post conventional
who develop these stages
-caring for oneself
-caring for others
-caring for self and others
Gilligan