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28 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Team performance where friends and families aid the deviant in the hiding of their deviant status
– Revealing your deviant status to those in the audience
• Used when concealment fails
• Main method of those who are discredited
– Three reasons why this technique is utilized
• 1. Cathartic reasons – alleviates the burden of secrecy
• 2. Therapeutic Reasons – casting your deviancy in a positive light
• 3. Preventative Reasons – letting people know in your own way so they don’t find from a non-preferred source
cathartic reasons
alleviates the burden of secrecy
therapeutic reasons
casting your deviancy in a positive light
preventative reasons
letting people know in your own way so they don’t find from a non-preferred source
2 courses it can follow
deviance disavowal
ignoring the stigma in the hope people will grow used to it
– Usually begins with an uncomfortable ignoring of the stigma and strained interaction; as time progresses the audience forget about the stigma and relationships become normal
2 courses it can follow
deviance avowal
The deviant openly acknowledges their stigma and attempt to cast it in a positive light
– Usually done with humor
Two types of collective stigma management groups
Primary function is to provide support for its members
– Allows for disclosure to others without fear of condemnation
– Helps in the search to find an alleviation of that stigma
– Aids in the adaptation to a stigma
Two types of collective stigma management groups
Provides all the same functions as expressive but adds political activism
– The individual resents and does not accept the societal definition of their malady and attempts to purposively change it
– Emotional work that is aimed at removing, managing, or evoking shame
– Almost all organizations that are stigma managers have shame work at their core
what are deviant organizations
exhibit the same structure and organizational schemes as normative structures
– They have character, structure, and consequences of joining
– The way those things interact determine how the pattern of relationships unfold within the deviant organization
what are deviant organizations
• They also vary in the same dimensions as normative organizations
– Size
– Stratifications schemes
– How much authority the leaders have EX. OG/President of the US
– Permanence of joining – Ex. Permanent body modifications/Long term contracts
– Rituals of entry and exit – Ex. Getting jumped in/out/Training and Exit interviews
Organization sophistication
– The more organized and well sorted a deviant organization is, the more complex and grand the deviant acts the organization can successfully complete
– As group members withdraw further and further into a deviant organization the less normative society guides them
The effects of being more sophisticated
more sophisticated organizations is the more people will withdraw into it
What organized groups provide for their members
– Loners – comparison group
– Subcultures – Punks
– Gangs – Street Gangs
– Each type of organization is successively more sophisticated
Loners- singular deviants
what are they
What they are
¬- they have no group for support
- with no deviant group to change their value they still see judge their deviance through the eyes of the normative structure
- lack of support group leads to strain and an impermanence of deviance

– Deviants that do not congregate or know similar deviants
– If they do know another deviant they do not discuss their deviance
– By definition these people have no group to rely on
Loners- singular deviants
what lack of a group means for them
– The deviant exists in isolation
– They must acquire the skill and will to do their deviant act on their own
– Without the benefits of other deviants they lack the benefits of drawing upon other techniques of neutralization and justifications
Loners- singular deviants
what they are most normatively socialized
– Remember that deviant organizations are there to change/replace norms with contrary ideas
– C:
• Leads to shame and regret; this may reinforce the deviant behavior
-What lack of support means for them and their deviance
• The lack of support from others leads to an increase in strain and a decrease in stability and permanence of the deviance
Replaces core community values with values from an opposing viewpoint
- have informal rules with weak sanctions
- Membership is transient and leadership is not strong
- has a stratification system
rite of passage
completing a ritual that allows entrance and membership into the
side bets
fulling acceptation ones role into the detriment of others
self enhancing images
adopt an image that makes one look to be part of the subculture
dual commitments
unwilling to fully accept the deviant label and become fully
primary deviace
- acts that we do
– Enactment of the deviant behavior- do deviant things but don’t have master status yet.
– Polygenetic – can be a result of any combination of reasons
– Its only important how people react to the deviant act of label
The inherent contradictions of giving person a deviant identity-
when we sanction and punish people by excluding them from normative society we force them into.
Secondary deviance
organize life to deal with new label
-What vocabularies of motive are used for
deviants present legitimate reasons to others around them that explain the meaning of their deviant acts