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64 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
analytical cubism
cubism - the outward appearance of a shape
synthetic cubism
cubism - the essence of the object
futurism
machine, speed, modern life, enthusiastic about war
dada
anti-war mvmt. shock, absurdity, nonsense
readymade
already existing art "that's art", DuChamp
photomontage
finding photos and combining them
merz
derived from "commerce", offshoot of DaDa, K. Schwitters invention
expressionism
expressing emotion, response to events
les fauves
"wild beasts", intense color contrasts, Matisse was one of these
solarization
ManRay invention, exposing a developing image - reverse tones
Picasso
the most influential artists of the 20th Century, an analytical cubist
Braque
joined Picasso in analytical cubism
Gris
synthetic cubist
Leger
said things can be portrayed in cone, triangles and rectantles
DuChamp
most famous and influential dadaist, did readymades, toilet
DuChamp
Art is random change, willful choice
John Heartfield
protested the Nazis, founder of Berlin mvmt. did photomontage
DeChirico
dark cityscapes, empty scenes, first surrealist
Max Ernst
dadist, did wood engravings and montage, cut edges, unifying the image
Magritte
surrealist/reality-fiction/dreamlike
Dali
surrealist, deep perspective, simultanity - 2 images at once
Kandinsky
non-objective, abstract, colorful, conveyed emotion
Klee
children's art, symbols and signs
Coburn
photographer that took pictures and turned them into abstract imagery
ManRay
photographer that made RayoGraphs - on photopaper
Plakatstil
"poster style" w/ simple shapes, flat color
Art Deco
Assyrian influenced, cubist shapes, decorative and geometric
Armory Show
first modern art exhibition
Beggerstaff Bros.
collaged, cut paper, flat shape
Bernhardt
did Priester matches, reduction
Erdt
Opel poster
Otto Lehrman
German for Axis Powers
Lette
"Your country needs you" poster, literal style
JM Flagg
"We Want You" Uncle Sam poster
JC Leyendecker
most popular WW2 Artist
Jessie Wilcox Smith
did famous American Red Cross poster
Edward Koulter
immigrated to England, did travel posters
Cassandre
French, bold simple designs, reduced subjects to symbols, messed with silhouettes, 2-D, bold color, scale, Dubonnet posters
F. Depero
did flat planes of color, magazine covers, diagonal composition, kinetic energy
Rene Magritte
meticulous paintings with huge perspective changes, scale, defying gravity, defied rational understanding of the world
Futurism
MVMT, violent revolutionary techniques, letterforms became concrete forms with energy and action
surrealism
dreamlike "super realism" positive
J. Moureat
emblematic, stream of consciousness artist
Brugierne
photographer that explored multiple images
biggest influence on graphic design
total integration of word and picture
Ludwig Holwein
Nazi poster, powerful images, Und Du?
Mvmt #1
art for art's sake, supremetism, supreme existence of feeling. artists were Maleovich and Kandinsky
Mvmt #2
art serves people, constructivism, provide art that produces a richer life, most influential. artist were Rodchenko, El Lissetsky
DeStijl
Netherlands movement, led by Theo VanDoesburg, derived from synthetic Cubism, pure form line and color
i10
rule-breaking publication started by Moholy-Nagy
Mallarme
did "A Throw of the Dice" like a musical score of type
Marinetti
started futurism mvmt with his manifesto in a Paris newspaper
Apollinaire
made type into water images, rain, eyes, birds, connecting visual form to the type
Austin Cooper
did posters for London Underground
cubo-futurism
experimentation of type
supremetism
supreme feeling exp.
tectonics
adhering to communist principles w/ visual forms
texture
materials used in production
construction
organization of materials, color, shape, line
Kasimir Malovich
founded supremetism, spiritual activity
Rodchenko and Tatin
leaders of constructivism, not "art for arts sake" but graphic design and photojournalism
El Lissitsky
constuctivists (best example), printer, graphic designer, architect, photographer, red triangle infiltrating the circle
Theo Van Doesburg
founder of DeStijl "The Style" horizontal/vertical lines, rectangles
avante garde
cutting edge