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37 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Resilient Floors:
stain resistant
easily cleaned and maintained
broad color range
economical price
smooth surface for easy walking
water resistant
Resilient floor topset base
like a baseboard, sits on top of the product
Resilient floor types
sheet vinyl
Vinyl Composition Tile (VCT)ingredients
binders, fillers, pigments
Solid Vinyl Tile
not all vinyl
lower percentage of filers and higher percentage of PVC
Pure vinyl Tile
very few fillers if any
color is pure throughout and resistant to abrasive wear
Rubber tiles
pure rubber
most costly and most wear resistant
sound resistant good muffling of noise
recovers easily from spills, burns, and gouges
maintenance is very minor
first resilient sheet flooring
composed of linseed oil, rosins, and powdered sawdust and binders
truly sustainable product
applied in sheet form
does not do well in wet environments
wear layer composed of vinyl chips for color and patter that goes to the backing
made from rotogravure process the combines photography and printing.
A photographic print layer is convered by a pure vinyl wear layer
positive qualities of ceramic and stone flooring
stain resistance
easily cleaned and maintained
broad color range
natural material
water resistant
load bearing but not resistant to sharp impacts
Negative qualities of ceramic stone floors
hard surface for walking
subject to cracking and breakage
can be very costly
some maintenance problems with mildew and mold, especially in grout joints
ceramic and stone options
hand made
matte or glossy
slip resistance
many sizes and shapes
Dust process
forces clay into molds and bakes it at a very high temperature to form a bisque
the bisque tile is then glazed and fired a second timeat a lower temp to fuse the glaze to the tile
Extruded process
made by forcing clay through a die.
It forms a curder, more hand made looking tile
can be glazed in the same manner as the dust process
Ceramic tile
any fired tile product
composed of its "body" or basic clay composition and its "glaze" is the surface of the tile that gives its color and texture
Porcelain Tile
unglazed ceramic tile and typically does not contain porcelain clays
tile is infused throughout with color by using stains and minerals
formed by a combination of clays that are pressed from dry powder under prssure and fired at very high temperatures to form a strong dense tile
looks dusty and dull
ceramic mosaic and porcelain ceramic mosaic tiles
intefrally colored, but may also be glazed
tiles are fired at a very high temperature, very dense and colored throughout
impervious, stain proof, dent proof and frost proof
Stone Flooring
dramatic effect
highly durable floor surface
meaning of stone flooring is associated with timelessness, institutional strength and wealth
most commonly used flooring types
marble, granite, slate and travertine
porous limestone material
holes can be filled with cement or epoxy to create a smooth surface
Terrazo flooring
stone flooring with chips of marble or granite
Terrazzo flooring positive qualities
extremely durable
appearance of elegance
flexible design potential due to poured format
stain resistance
easily cleaned and maintained
Terrazzo drawbacks
costly to install
difficult to make minor changes in layout or to repair
difficult to match colors
does not guarantee a seamless appearance
Field Tile
primary tile used to cover a wall or floor area
Ceramic Mosaic tile
ceramic tile with a surface area of less than 6 sq. in. and may be porcelain or natural clay composition and are usually less than 3/8" thick
Quarry Tile
tile made from the extrusion process from shale or natural clays and are usually 6" square or more and can be glazed or unglazed
Paver Tile
ceramic tile with surface area greater than 6 sq. in.
Porcelain Tile
ceramic tile made from dry pressed porcelain clay resulting in a dense, impervious, fine grained and smooth with sharply formed face
Glazed Tile
ceramic tile with a fused facial finish composed of ceramic materials
glaze is essentially a liquid form of colored glass that provides color and texture
prevents staining of ceramic tile
Vitreous tiles
non-water absorption between 3% and .5%
can be used outdoors
White Body
fequently "dust press" method with glazed surface, fired twice
fine clay fired at very high temperature
(sinks, toilets, tubs)
fine clay, high firing temperature
form of ceramic with small units
defined by its size cannot be more than 6 sq in
fine clays, uniform, fired at high temperatures
used in commercial kitchens and lobbies
Basic types of wood flooring
plank, strip, prefinished, parquet, cork, specialized, laminate