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86 Cards in this Set

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Prevention of periodontal disease involves all of the following except:
daily teeth brushing, regular exercise, routine professional scaling, proper diet
regular exercise
In normal occlusion, the bite is termed:
scissor bite
the upper 4th premolar communicates with which sinus?
Maxillary sinus
To prevent the pulp tissue from thermal damage during ultrasonic scaling, which of the following should be done?
use constant irrigation, change tips frequently, use slow rotational speed, use approperiate amounts of paste
use constant irrigation;
this helps prevent temperatures from rising too high
A complication that may develop if subgingival plaque is improperly removed is:
torn epithelial attachment;
excessive force may degrade epithelial attachment
What drug should not be given to pregnant dogs because it may cause discoloration of the puppies' teeth?
Tetracycline
An elongation of one side of the animal's head results in:
Wry mouth
What answer identifies the directional term for toward the root?
Apical
Mrs. Walker comes to pick up her dog after dental prophylaxis has been performed. Which of the following topics would not need to be discussed as a part of the discharge instructions?
chewing exercises, home care, how to give injections, dietary concerns
how to give injections
What instrument is used for root planing?
Curet
When one or more of the upper incisors rest caudal to the lower incisors and the rest of the occlusion is normal, what is it called?
anterior crossbite
Generally speaking, most dental instruments should be held as you would a:
pencil
The depth of a normal gingival sulcus is:
1-3mm
What is the directional term for toward the front of the head?
rostral
What is the hard mineralized substance on the tooth surface called?
calculus
If the lower incisors seem to be excessively loose in a crachycephalic of minature-breed dog, what should you do and why?
test the depth of the gingival sulcus becuase in many of these types of dogs, the incisor teeth may not be in individual bony sockets, but suspended in connective tissue which allows them to be mobile.
The normal adult canine mouth has how many permanent teeth?
42
What is the instrument used for removal of supragingival calculus?
scaler
What is the correct dental formula for an adult dog?
2(I3/3 C1/1 P4/4 M2/3)=42
What is the proper dilution of chlorhexidine solution for use in the mouth?
0.2%
After polishing with a prophylactic paste containing fluoride, a rinse with diluted chlorhexadine:
is less effective because the fluoride interferes with bonding of chlorahexadine to tissues
What does the term polydontia refer to?
supernumary teeth
The first dental examination should occur when:
the animal is 6-8 weeks old
When performing dental prophylaxis, you should be sure to wear:
Mask, eye protection, gloves
Ideally, the cutting edge of the scaler should be held at what angle to the tooth surface?
45-90 degrees
As a dentifrice for use in small animals, baking soda:
should not be used as a dentifrice for animals;
it contains large amounts of sodium that can be absorbed into the pet's system.
Nerves and blood vessels enter the tooth through the:
apical delta
What is the space between the roots of the same tooth?
furcation
What is the minumum age for a cat to have all of its permanent teeth?
6mo
The most common dental procedure performed on horses is:
floating: the process of filing sharp edges off cheek teeth
If the lower incisors seem to be excessively loose in a crachycephalic of minature-breed dog, what should you do and why?
test the depth of the gingival sulcus becuase in many of these types of dogs, the incisor teeth may not be in individual bony sockets, but suspended in connective tissue which allows them to be mobile.
The normal adult canine mouth has how many permanent teeth?
42
What is the instrument used for removal of supragingival calculus?
scaler
What is the correct dental formula for an adult dog?
2(I3/3 C1/1 P4/4 M2/3)=42
What is the proper dilution of chlorhexidine solution for use in the mouth?
0.2%
After polishing with a prophylactic paste containing fluoride, a rinse with diluted chlorhexadine:
is less effective because the fluoride interferes with bonding of chlorahexadine to tissues
What does the term polydontia refer to?
supernumary teeth
The first dental examination should occur when:
the animal is 6-8 weeks old
When performing dental prophylaxis, you should be sure to wear:
Mask, eye protection, gloves
Ideally, the cutting edge of the scaler should be held at what angle to the tooth surface?
45-90 degrees
As a dentifrice for use in small animals, baking soda:
should not be used as a dentifrice for animals;
it contains large amounts of sodium that can be absorbed into the pet's system.
Nerves and blood vessels enter the tooth through the:
apical delta
What is the space between the roots of the same tooth?
furcation
What is the minumum age for a cat to have all of its permanent teeth?
6mo
The most common dental procedure performed on horses is:
floating: the process of filing sharp edges off cheek teeth
If the lower incisors seem to be excessively loose in a crachycephalic of minature-breed dog, what should you do and why?
test the depth of the gingival sulcus becuase in many of these types of dogs, the incisor teeth may not be in individual bony sockets, but suspended in connective tissue which allows them to be mobile.
The normal adult canine mouth has how many permanent teeth?
42
What is the instrument used for removal of supragingival calculus?
scaler
What is the correct dental formula for an adult dog?
2(I3/3 C1/1 P4/4 M2/3)=42
What is the proper dilution of chlorhexidine solution for use in the mouth?
0.2%
After polishing with a prophylactic paste containing fluoride, a rinse with diluted chlorhexadine:
is less effective because the fluoride interferes with bonding of chlorahexadine to tissues
What does the term polydontia refer to?
supernumary teeth
The first dental examination should occur when:
the animal is 6-8 weeks old
When performing dental prophylaxis, you should be sure to wear:
Mask, eye protection, gloves
Ideally, the cutting edge of the scaler should be held at what angle to the tooth surface?
45-90 degrees
As a dentifrice for use in small animals, baking soda:
should not be used as a dentifrice for animals;
it contains large amounts of sodium that can be absorbed into the pet's system.
Nerves and blood vessels enter the tooth through the:
apical delta
What is the space between the roots of the same tooth?
furcation
What is the minumum age for a cat to have all of its permanent teeth?
6mo
The most common dental procedure performed on horses is:
floating: the process of filing sharp edges off cheek teeth
What is the word that identifies the tooth surface facing the cheeks or lips?
buccal
The root lenth of an upper canine is hoe ling compared with the length of the exposed portion of that tooth?
1 1/2 times the length
The crown of a tooth is defined as:
The portion above the gum line and covered by enamel
What does topical fluoride do?
helps to desensitize teeth and slows the rate of plaque formation
Which tissue is not part of the periodontium?
peridontal ligament, alveolar bone, root, gingiva
root
What is the bulk of a tooth composed of?
dentin
What should one do when a patient has fractured deciduous teeth?
extract them
The thin film covering a tooth that comprises bacteria, saliva, and food particles is called:
plaque
What is the most common mistake made in treating periodontal disease?
Inadequate root planing
What is the insturment used to detect subgingival calculus?
Explorer
What is the range for acceptable gingival sulcal measurements in cats?
0.5-1mm
What is the instrument used to measure pocket depth?
periodontal probe
What is the word that identifies the loss of tooth structure by chemical means?
erosion
Where do you use a curet?
it can be used either supragingivally or subgingivally
What is a wearing away of teeth by tooth-against-tooth contact during mastication?
attrition
What is the correct dental formula for an adult cat?
2(I3/3 C1/1 P3/2 M1/1)=30
Tell me about the roots of the deciduous incisors.
They have roots that are proportionately longer than the roots of permanent incisors
Chlorahexadine contributes to dental prophylaxis by:
bonding to the cell membrane and inhibiting bacterial growth for up to 24 horus
What is the instrument used to measure the depth of the gingival sulcus?
peridontal probe
Removal of calculus and necrotic cementum from the tooth root is called:
root planing
In which grade of periodontal disease does early pocket formation occur without initial bone loss?
Grade III;
however, early bone loss in the late stage of grade III can be verified by radiographic examination
Which tooth has 3 roots?
upper canine, lower 1st premolar, lower 1st molar, upper 4th premolar
upper 4th premolar;
the other listed have 1 or 2 roots
The occlusal surface of a caudal tooth is defined as the:
chewing surface of the tooth
Once plaque has formed on a bone, how long does it take to mineralize into calculus?
about 7 days
What is the purpose of fluoride treatment?
strengthen enamel and help desensitize teeth
Of cats and dogs aged 6 years and older, approximately what percentage have periodontal disease?
85%