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39 Cards in this Set

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is concerned with studying human behavior particularly toward other human beings, and the principles that regulate it.
Ethics
Ethical studies that explore the nature of moral judgements and the structure of moral concepts are called?
mataethics
Is a teleology theory concerned with attaining the greatest amount of utility, usefulness, or happiness; also known as the "greatest happiness theory" and "the ends justify the means".
Utilitarianism
focus on character traits and excellence of character; "is this what a virtuous person would do?"
Virtue ethics
governing professional behavior
Ethical principles
to guarantee self-determination of the patient.
Autonomy
to hold in confidence or secret information entrusted by the patient.
Confidentiality
to ensure the trust patients and society have in dental hygienists
Social trust
to do no harm to the patient
Nonmaleficence
to benefit the patient; the principle of promoting what is good, kind, and charitable.
Beneficience
to tell the truth; not to lie to the patient; the principle of truthfulness and honest.
Veracity
to be fair to the patient; Golden Rule: "do unto others as you would have others do unto you".
Justice/Fairness
ethical responsibility closely related to veracity, trust, and confidentiality; the principle of loyalty or faithfulness.
Fidelity
acting like a parent with the intent to protect or enhance the interests of a person at a time when that person is unable or unwilling to protect his/her own interest.
Paternalism/Parentalism
usefulness of an action
Utility
requires that the DH provides the patient with all relevant information needed to make a decision and it allows the patient to make the decision based on valid, understandable information provided.
Informed consent
Duties can be described as duties that must be done at all times or duties that must be done before any other considerations enter the picture.
Prima facie
occurs when 2 or more ethical principles are in conflict.
Ethical Dilemma
Written standards to which health care professionals agree to adhere before society, which grants certain privileges to these groups.
Code of Ethics
Describes a relationship in which dentistry is a commodity, a simple selling and buying of services.
Models of Professionalism

Commercial Model
Presents dentistry as an all-knowing profession.
Guild Model of Professionalism
The patient and the dentist are equals and have roles of equal moral status in the process of dental care delivery.
Interactive model of professionalism
having the knowledge skill, and ability to perform a prescribed set of tasks or duties independently and with confidence.
Competency
Authorized agency that accredits all dental hygiene education programs in the USA.
- publishes standards for evaluation of new and existing programs.
- all programs must meet these standards to be accredited.
- has almost total control over defining each profession in terms of what skills are taught and what body of knowledge is contained within the curriculum.
The Commission on Dental Accreditation.
the process of approving, certifying or endorsing. A nongovernmental process for ensuring that a predetermined set of standards has been met; used to assure the public that the graduates of a particular program are prepared to practice. External agency evaluates an institution of program of study according to predetermined, national standards.
Accreditation
Collecting and analyzing subjective and objective data and arriving at a judgement about the patients needs.
Assessment
the natural conclusion to assessment and focuses on those human needs that can be fulfilled through dh care.
DH diagnoses
The act of determining the types of dh interventions that can be implemented to solve the pt's problem and assist the pt in meeting his or her human needs related to oral health.
Planning
Act of carrying out the dh care plan that has been specifically designed to meet the assessed human needs of the client.
Implementation
Comparing pt data at the completion of care with data collected during the intital assessment phase in order to determine the pt's progress or lack of progress toward the goal.
Evaluation
Established in 1985. A quality or specific level of performance. The six standards of practice are:
Assessment
DH diagnosis
Planning
Implementation
Evaluation
Documentation
Scope of practice of dental hygienist was first est by law in Connecticut in ____
1915
The process by which a government agency(state) certifies that individuals have met predetermined standards and are minimally qualified and are permitted to practice in its jurisdiction and/or use a particular title.
Licensure
to ensure that the public health, safety and welfare are protected from incompetent practitioners.
Purpose of licensure
Legislation enacted by the state that grants licensing power to an agency (state board of dental examiners) to protect the public from unqualified persons.
State Dental Practice Act (licensure)
That which is right and good; the quality of an action with regard to right and wrong.
Morality
The formulation of morally ideal course of an action; the process of judging what one ought to do in a specific situation.
Moral reasoning
A systematic examination of morals involving critical reflection and analysis about what is right and wrong.
Ethical theory
Collectively, the qualities that define a person or group of persons; a person's moral nature.
Character