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24 Cards in this Set

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30-day prevalence
In self-report surveys, the use of a drug at least once during the previous month.
achieved status
A status that is earned.
adjudication hearing
A hearing held to determine whether the child committed the offense of which he or she is accused.
adolescence-limited offenders
Juveniles whose lawbreaking behavior is restricted to their teenage years.
adolescent-limited offenders
Juveniles whose law-breaking behavior restricted to their teenage years.
age-crime curve
Crime rates increase during preadolescence, peak in middle adolescence, and steadily decline thereafter.
age-crime curve
Crime rates increase during preadolescence, peak in late adolescence, and steadily decline thereafter.
aging-out phenomenon
The gradual decline of participation in crime after the teenage years.
annual prevalence
In self-report surveys, the use of a drug at least once during the prior year.
ascribed status
A status that is received at birth.
assortative mating
The concept that people choose mates that are similar to themselves.
atavistic beings
Criminals are a throwback to a more primitive stage of development.
Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)
The most common neurobehavioral child-hood disorder.
authoritarian parents
Parents who place a high value on obedience and conformity, tending to favor more punitive, absolute, and forceful disciplinary measures.
authoritative parents
Parents who are warm but firm; they set standards of behavior for their child and highly value the development of autonomy and self-direction.
baby boomers
People born between 1946 and 1964.
bail
A money or cash bond deposited with the court or bailbondsman allowing the person to be released on the assurance he or she will appear in court at the proper time.
Baker v. Owen
Teachers can administer reasonable corporal punishment for disciplinary purposes.
behavioral theory
A theory that blames behavior on a person's interactions with others throughout her or his lifetime.
Bethel School District No. 403 v. Fraser
Schools may prohibit vulgar and offensive language.
blended sentencing
Juvenile courts may impose adult criminal sanctions on particular types of juvenile offenders.
Board of Education of Pottawatomie County v. Earls
Schools may require students to submit to a urinalysis for illegal drugs prior to participating in all competitive extracurricular activities.
Board of Education of Pottawatomie County v. Earls
The Supreme Court held that mandatory drug testing of students involved in any extracurricular activity was constitutional.
bond
The glue that connects a child to society.