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25 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Process of converting printed words into their spoken forms by using knowledge of letter-sound relationships and word structure
Irregular Words
Words in which some or all of the letters do not represent their most common sounds
Letter Recognition
Ability to distinguish and name each letter of the alphabet, sequence the letters, and distinguish and produce both upper and lowercase letters
Phonological Processing
Ability to remember words in their spoken forms as sequences of speech sounds and to apply the sounds to symbols when spelling and reading words
Structure of meaningful units and patterns in words
Regular Words
Words in which the letters make their most common sound
Letter Combinations
Groups of consecutive letters that represent a particular sound(s) in words
Decodable Texts
Engaging and coherent texts in which most of the words are comprised of an accumulating sequence of letter-sound correspondences being taught
Stop Sounds
Consonant sounds that are not as easy to pronounce in isolation, without a vowel sound
Common Sound
Sound that a letter most frequently makes in a word
Process of converting spoken words into their written forms (spelling)
Continuous Sounds
Vowels and certain consonant sounds that can be prolonged during pronunciation and are easier to say without being distorted
Letter-Sound Correspondences
Relationships between common sounds of letters or letter combinations in written words
Description for the combination of letters and letter-sound correspondences
Writing system of language
Phonetic Spelling
A beginning stage of spelling that develops with one's ability to analyze the phonemes in words (also known as beginning, temporary, invented, and emergent spelling)
Reading level in which more than 1 in 10 words are difficult (89% or below accuracy with low comprehension)
Reading level in which no more than 1 in 10 words is difficult for the reader (90 - 94% accuracy with average to high comprehension)
Strategies to improve memory such as using key words or visualizing
Percent Accuracy
Calculation that determines the reading level of texts (total number of words read correctly divided by the total number of words read)
Sounding Out
Process of saying each sound that represents a letter(s) in a word and blending them together to read it
Alphabetic Principle
Understanding that the sequence of letters in written words represents the sequence of sounds (or phonemes) in spoken words
Consistencies in patterns and relationships that apply to more than one word
Reading level in which no more than 1 in 20 words is difficult for the reader (95 - 100% accuracy with high comprehension)
Rule system of speech sounds in a language