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27 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
associative property
property that states that
when you add or multiply,
you can group numbers in
any combination
base
when a number is
written in exponential
form, the number that is
used as a factor is the
base
commutative property
property that states that
when you add or multiply,
you can do so in any order
distributive property
property that states that
number times a sum
equals the sum of the
products of that number
and each addend
exponent
a number that
tells how many times to
multiply the base by itself
identity property
property
that states that the
product of 1 and a number
and the sum of 0 and a
number is that number
numerical expression
an expression made up of
numbers and operations
order of operations
the rules that must be
followed when simplifying
expressions
power
a number written
as a base and an
exponent
scientific notation
a type of shorthand for writing
large numbers
Commutative Property
Add or multiply.
You can group a + b= b + a
the numbers in any order. k . m = m . k
Associative Property
When you add or multiply, you can group the numbers
(p + s) + t = p + (s + t)
(x.y).z = x.(y.z)

(p + (s  t )
together in any combination. (x • y) • z 
Identity Property
The sum of 0 and any number is the number. The product of 1 and any number is the number.
x + 0 = x x . 1 = x
Distributive Property
A multiplier outside the parentheses of another operation can be applied to each number inside the parentheses before the operation is performed.
d(e+f)= d(e)+ d(f)
addition property of
equality
you can add the
same value to both sides
of an equation and the
statement will still be true
algebraic expression
an expression that
consists of constants,
variables, and operation
coefficient
the numerical
factor in a term containing
a variable
constant
a number in an
expression that does not
change
division property of
equality
you can divide
both sides by the same
number and the statement
will still be true
equation
a mathematical
statement that says two
expressions are equal in
value
evaluate
substitute a
number for a variable in
an algebraic expression
inverse operations
operations that undo each
other
multiplication property
of equality
you can
multiply both sides of an
equation by the same
number and the new
equation will have the
same solution
solution
the value of the
variable that makes the
statement true
subtraction property of
equality
you can subtract
the same number from
both sides of the equation
and the new equation will
have the same solution
term
a number, variable,
or a product of numbers
and variables
variable
a number that is
represented by a letter
because its value can
change or vary