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27 Cards in this Set
 Front
 Back
associative property

property that states that
when you add or multiply, you can group numbers in any combination 

base

when a number is
written in exponential form, the number that is used as a factor is the base 

commutative property

property that states that
when you add or multiply, you can do so in any order 

distributive property

property that states that
number times a sum equals the sum of the products of that number and each addend 

exponent

a number that
tells how many times to multiply the base by itself 

identity property

property
that states that the product of 1 and a number and the sum of 0 and a number is that number 

numerical expression

an expression made up of
numbers and operations 

order of operations

the rules that must be
followed when simplifying expressions 

power

a number written
as a base and an exponent 

scientific notation

a type of shorthand for writing
large numbers 

Commutative Property

Add or multiply.
You can group a + b= b + a the numbers in any order. k . m = m . k 

Associative Property

When you add or multiply, you can group the numbers
(p + s) + t = p + (s + t) (x.y).z = x.(y.z) (p + (s t ) together in any combination. (x • y) • z 

Identity Property

The sum of 0 and any number is the number. The product of 1 and any number is the number.
x + 0 = x x . 1 = x 

Distributive Property

A multiplier outside the parentheses of another operation can be applied to each number inside the parentheses before the operation is performed.
d(e+f)= d(e)+ d(f) 

addition property of
equality 
you can add the
same value to both sides of an equation and the statement will still be true 

algebraic expression

an expression that
consists of constants, variables, and operation 

coefficient

the numerical
factor in a term containing a variable 

constant

a number in an
expression that does not change 

division property of
equality 
you can divide
both sides by the same number and the statement will still be true 

equation

a mathematical
statement that says two expressions are equal in value 

evaluate

substitute a
number for a variable in an algebraic expression 

inverse operations

operations that undo each
other 

multiplication property
of equality 
you can
multiply both sides of an equation by the same number and the new equation will have the same solution 

solution

the value of the
variable that makes the statement true 

subtraction property of
equality 
you can subtract
the same number from both sides of the equation and the new equation will have the same solution 

term

a number, variable,
or a product of numbers and variables 

variable

a number that is
represented by a letter because its value can change or vary 