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7 Cards in this Set

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Syria and Lebanon
- In 1945, the French gave up their League of Nations mandates
Palestine
- In 1918, the British had established Jewish homeland along with the Arab population
- In 1947 violence and terrorism mounted on both sides
- In 1947, British decided to leave Palistine, and the United Nations divided it into 2 states: Arab and Jewish
- Jewish side became Israel
- In 1948, the Arabs attacked the Jewish state, but they drove off their invaders and conquered more territory
- 900,000 Arabs fled or were expelled
- Holocaust survivors from Europe streamed into Israel
- Theodor Herzl's Zionist's dream came true
Egypt
- Arab defeat in 1948 triggered a powerful nationalist revolution in 1952
- Gamal Abdel Nasser drove out the pro-Western king
- In 1956, Nasser nationalized the foreign-owned Suez Canal Co., the last symbol of power in the Middle East
- Britain and France failed in their attemps to unseat Nasser
Algeria
- The war for independence was long, bloody and dirty with systematic torture and numerous atrocities on both sides
- General de Gaulle (France) accepted the principle of Algerian self-determination
- In 1962 Algeria became independent
British Africa South of Sahara
- Decolonization proceeded much more smoothly than the Middle East
- In 1957, Britain's colonies achieved independence with little or no bloodshed and entered a very loose association as members of the British Commonwealth of Nations
French Africa south of the Sahara
- de Gaulle offered French black Africa the choice of a total break w/ France or immediate indpendence w/i a French commonwealth
- All but one chose association w/ France
- The African leaders did b/c they identified w/ the French culture and wanted aid from France
Neo-colonization
- A system designed to perpetuate Western economic domination and undermine the promise of political independence
- Enduring influence in sub-Saharan Africa testified to Western Europe's resurgent economic and political power in international relations
- Western European countries managed to increase their economic and cultural ties w/ their former African colonies in the 1960s and 70s.