• Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/9

Click to flip

9 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
mediastinal widening
hemorrhage
trauma
iatrogenic
acute aortic syndromes
tumor (ie lymphoma)
pus (mediastinitis)
fluid (left or right sided heart failure)
fat (mediastinal lipomatosis)
cxr signs of traumatic aortic injury
mediastinal widening

generalized widening (>8 cm or 25% of thorax
right paratracheal stripe thickening (>4mm)

abnormal aorta
irregular
dilatation

mass effect from hematoma
displacement of NG tube, trachea/et tube

apical cap

left hemothorax
sites of traumatic aortic injury
isthmus >90%
descending aorta/diaphragm 1-3%
ascending aorta 5-10%
great vessel origins
true aortic aneurysms
degenerative
post-stenotic (aortic stenosis)
hypertension
atherosclerosis
connective tissue disease (ie marfans ehlers danlos)
dissection
mycotic (syphillis)
aortic pseudoaneurysms
traumatic
iatrogenic
mycotic
penetrating ulcer
acute aortic syndromes
dissection-
causes htn, ctd, penetrating ulcer
worry about ischemia or rupture

intramural hematoma-
same causes as dissection

ulcerated plaque
crater within atheromatous plaque
associated with future stroke andembolization
progress to penetrating ulcer

penetrating ulcer
ulcerated plaque extending to media
worry about dissection, pseudoaneurysm, rupture, intramural hematoma
posterior impression on esophagus
aberrant left sublavian
aberrant right subclavian
double aortic arch
aortic coarctation
focal juxtaductal (adult, htn, bp differences)

tubular (child or infant, hypoplasia, CHF/decreased perfusion)

CXR
aortic dilatation
inverted 3 sign
rib notchin

CT/MRI (juxtaductal)
focal constriction distal to ductus
internal mammary and intercostal collaterals

if not hemodynamically signficant stenosis-pseudocoarctation
large vessel vasculitis
takayasus arteritis
giant cell arteritis (typically carotids)
radiation
williams syndrome
neurofibromatosis