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20 Cards in this Set

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surface currents
stream like movements of water, occur near/at the ocean surface
coriolis effect
CARRYING MOVEMENT OF MOVING OBJECTS FROM STRAIGHT PATH DUE 2 ROTATION!
deep current
streamline movements of ocean water air below the surface
upwelling
process in which cold nutrient-rich water from the deep ocean rises 2 the surface and replaces warm surface water!
el-nino
the periodic change in the location of warm and cool surface waters
crest
hightest pt of a wave
trough
lowest pt of a wave
wavelength
distance between 2 waves rest
wavehight
vertical distance of a wave
wave period
time between 2 crests
breakers
when high waves crash
surf
area between the breaker zone and thy shore
white capes
white foaming waves w/very steep crests that break in the open
swells
rolling waves that move in a steady process across thy ocean
tsunamis
when pl8s move up/down and causes a big wave due to the sudden tension
storm surge
local rise in sea lvl near thy shore that is caused by strong waves from a storm
Tide
the periodic rise and fall of the water lvl in the oceans and other large bodies of water
tidal range
the difference in lvls of ocean water at high tide and low tide
spring tide
a tide of increased range that occurs 2 times a month at the new and full moons
neap tide
a tide of minimum range that occurs during the fist and third quarters of the moon