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58 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
rote learning
memorization by mechanical repitition
criterion performance
the goal
ebbinghaus
non sense syllables
empirical investigation of memory
explicit memory
concious effort to encode or recover info through memory
implicit
available info without concious effort to recover
declarative
recollection of facts and events
procedural
how to do things
knowledge compilation
as a consequence of practice you are able to carry out longer sequences of the activity without concious intervention
encoding
processing of info that leads to a representation in nmemory
storage
retention over time of encoded material
retrieval
recovery at a later time of stored info
sensory memory
preserves accurate representations of the physical features of sensory stimuli for a few seconds or less
photographic memory
in children, eidetic
echoic memory
briefly preserves more info than ppl can report before it fades away
STM
mechanism for focusing cognitive resources on some small set of mental representations
memory span
active info
working memory
execute mental operations to accomplish an efficient search
maintenence rehearsal
keep repeating
distractor task
won't let you rehearse
chunking
put in meaningful units of info
phonological loop
holds and manipulates speech based info, overlaps with STM
visuospatial sketchpad
same as phono loop for visual and spatial
central executive
controls attention and coordinates info from visuo and phono
long term memory
storehouse of experiences, events, info, emotions, skills, words, categories, rules and judgements from STM and sensory
encoding specificity
retrieval enhanced if cues at encoding match cues at retrieval
primacy effect vs. recency effect
remember the beginning/remembr the end
contextual distinctiveness
serial position effect can be altered by the context and distinctiveness of the experience being recalled
recall
reproduce info
recognition
recognize the stimulus
episodic
events you specifically experience
semantic
generic memories E=mc2
proactive
past info makes it hard to remember new
retroactive
new info makes it hard to remmeber old
transfer appropriate processing perspective
memory is best when types of mem carried out at encoding transfers to the processes required at retrieval
word frag completion
_ni_or_
word stem
uni___
word id
cant see flashed words clearly
anagrams
corunni
priming
first experience primes memory for later experience
elaborative rehearsal
concentrate on elaborating to enrich encoding
mnemonics
encode long facts by association with previously encoded info
method of loci
groceries on the route to school
peg word method
one is bun
metamemory
cognition about memory, knowledge of memory abilities
feelings of knowing
reliable, subjective sensations that this is stored in memory
cue familiiarity hypothesis
base feelings of knowing on familiarity of retrieval cues
accessibility hypothesis
base judgements of accessibility on partial info from memory
concepts
mental representaitons of the categories you form
prototypes
typical average across experiences
typicality
extent to which prototype is matched determines rate of response
basic level
hierarchy at which people best categorize and thing about objects
schemas
conceptual frame works of knowledge regarding objects and situations
leveling
simplifying story
sharpening
highlighting, overall emphasis
assimilating
change details to fit background details
engram
physical memory representation
anterogade
no explicit memory since amnesia
retrogade
cant access old memories