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26 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
CVA
Risk Factors
Age
HTN
Family history
TIA
CVA
S/S
Sudden numbness/weakness of the face arm or leg
Sudden confusion,difficulty speaking or understanding
Sudden difficulty seeing
Sudden difficulty walking,dizziness,loss of balance or coordination
Sudden severe HA with no known cause
Aphasia
dissiculty with expressive and or receptive language: cannot name objects
Cranial Nerve 1
Olfactory; Smell
Cranial Nerve 2
Optic; Visual acuity
Cranial nerv 3
Oculomotor; Pupillary reaction
Cranial Nerve 4
Trochlear; Eye Movement
Cranila nerve 5
Trigeminal; Facial Sensation & Motor Function
Cranial Nerve 6
Abducens; Motor Function
Cranial Nerve 7
Facial; Motor anf sencsory function
Cranial nerve 8
Accoustic; Hearning, balance
Cranial nerve 9
Glossopharyngeal ; swallowing, voice
Cranila nerve 10
Vagus; gag refelx
Cranial nerve 11
Spinal accessory; neck motion
Cranial nerve 12
Hypoglossal; tongue movement
On Old Olympus' Towering Top A Finn And German Veiwed Some Hops
Some Say Marry Money Bit My Brother Says Be Brave Marry Merry
Left Brain Injury
Right Hemiplegia
Rightt Visula field defect
Aphasia
Speech and language
Slow,Cautious
Disorganized
Right Brain Injury
L hemiplegia
Spatial perceptual deficits
Implusive
Poor Judegment
Increased distractibility
Self Csre deficits
Lack of Awareness
Ischemic Stroke
Def
Sudden loss of function due to loss of blood supply to an area of the brain that controls that function
Ischmic Stoke
S/s
Difficulty walknig, dizziness, or losss of balance or coordination
Sudden severe HA
Perceptual disterrbances
Numbness or weakness
Confusion
trouble speaking or understanding speech
Hemorrhagic Stroke
Def
Caused by bleeding into the brain tissue, the ventricles or subarachnoid spaces
Hemorrhagic Stroke
Intracerebral Hemmorrhage
Occurs when and artery suddenly bursts and releases blood within the brain tissue
The blood can damage the brain tissue causing a stoke and can cause a sudden increase in pressure inside the skull
Hemorrhagic Stroke
Subarachnoid Hemmorrhage
Occure when a creebral aneurysm ruptures causing a release of blood into the subarachnoid space outside of the brain between the skull and the brain itself
Also causes and increase in pressure
Hemorrhagic Stroke
S/s
Similar to Ischemic stroke
Severe HA
Early and sudden changes in LOC
Vomitting
Hemorrhagic Stroke
Management
Supportive
Bed rest with sedation
Oxygen
Aneurysm Precautions
Absolute Bed rest
Elevate HOB 30 degrees to promote venous drainage or keep the bed flat
Avoid activity exhale though mouth when voiding or defacating to decrease strain
Nurse provides all care
non stressful environment
prevent constipation, restrict visitors