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35 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Magna Carta imposes restrictions on English monarch, establishing the principle that no person is above the law.
1215
Gutenberg prints a Bible using moveable type. The advent of type creates printed books.
1454-1455
Various European countries explore the New World, making claims on the land under various theories that they developed to legitimize European settlement of Indian lands.
1492-1600s
Spanish begin to import Africans to the New World colonies as slaves.
1514-1517
The Protestant Reformation begins. Within a few decades, most churches of N.Europe, including the Church of England, have withdrawn from papal jxdn and have been placed under civil authority.
1517
English colonists land at Jamestown, VA, making the first permanent English settlement in N. America
1607
The first blacks come to VA as indentured servants, but by ____ slavery as taken root in VA.
1619, 1640
The Pilgrims land in the Mayflower at Plymouth Rock, adopting a compact for self-government.
1620
The English Revolution begins; Charles I is tried and beheaded in _____.
1640, 1649
The English Levellers propose an Agreement of the People w/expanded parliamentary franchise and limitations on the power of government (including Parliament) in the interest of individual liberty.
1649
John Locke's The Second Treatise of Government challenges absolute monarchy.
1680
Sir Isaac Newton publishes Philosophiae Naturalis Principia Mathematica in which he sets forth his laws of motion & gravity.
1687
The English "Glorious Revolution" establishes the primacy of Parliament over the Crown
1688-1689
Parliament passes the English BOR. The BOR declares that: levying $ for the use of the Crown w/o consent of Parliament is illegal; that it is the right of subejcts to petition the King, and all prosecutions for such petitioning are illegal; that the freedom of speech and debates or proceedings in Parliament ought not to be impeaches or questioned in any court or place out of Parliament; that excessive bail ought not to be required, nor excessive fines imposes, nor cruel and unusual punishments inflicted; and that parliaments ought to be held frequently. -----The BOR was an act of Parliament, so it could not be repealed by subsequent Parliaments. It limited the power of the King, not Parliament.
1689
First printed newspapers; printed news sheets existed earlier during the English revolutions of the 1640s
1689
The jury acquits journalist John Peter Zenger in NY on the charge of seditious libel. The case is an early landmark in "freedom of the press." Zenger's counsel had argued that writing the truth about political affairs is one of the privileges of freeborn Englishment and is not a crime.
1735
In anticipation of the war with France, Ben Franklin proposes the Albany Plan of Union which would have established a "Grand Council" of representatives of all the Colonies.
1754
Writs of Assistance Case. James Otis, in the MA colony, challenges writs of assistance (general search warrants that allowed searches without specifying in advance the person or place to be searched). Otis argues even if authorized by Parliament the writs are illegal because "An Act Against the Constitution is Void"
1761
The French & Indian War ends. Britain issues Proclamation of 1763 to stop colonists from settling west of Appalachian Mtns. This is the first of a number of new laws and regulations that create conflict between Britain and the colonies, and ultimately lead to the American Revolution.
1763
Parliament passes the Stamp Act. Widespread protests against "taxation w/o representation" unify colonies in their conflict with Britain. The Stamp Act Congress meets in NY. Delegates from 9 colonies protest the Stamp Act and plan concerted action against the policities of Parliament. Congress asserts that it is "the undoubted right of Englishmen, that no taxes be imposed on them but with their own conset, given personally or by their representations"
1765
The Declaration of Independence of the colonies from Great Britain: "We hold these truths to be self-evident: that all men are created equal; that they are endowed, by their Creator, with certain unalienable rights; that among these are life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness. That to secure these rights, governments are instituted among men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed; then whenever any form of gov't become sdestructive of these ends it is the right to the people to alter or abolish it..."
1776
The first state constitutions are adopted. They vary greatly: all but two have a religious test for office holding, some have broad adult male suffrage, many allow free blacks to vote, and some have property requirements for voting. NJ allows woment o vote (but th state abrogates this right in early 1800s)
1776-1790
Surrender of British forces at Yorktown, VA ends most military hostilities in the Revolution. The state sratify the Articles of Confederation, the first American federal constitution for the 13 new states.
1781
The treaty of Paris ends the American Revolution
1783
The Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia proposes the U.S. Constitution. It is ratified in ____ after heated Federalist/ Anti-Federalist debate. James Madison, Alexander Hamilton, and John Jay write pro-union editorials, now known as The Federalist Papers.
1787, 1788
Meeting under the Articls of Confederation, the Congress passes the Northwest Ordinances, which sets up a system of government for terriroties as a prelude to statehood. The Ordinance also bans slavery in the area north of the OH River.
1787
George Washington is unaugurated as the first President of the US.
1789
First Congress convenes.
1789
BOR proposed
1789
Congress enacts Judiciary Acts of ____, which creates the federal courts.
1789
Congress enacts the first Fugitive Slave Law.
1793
Chisholm v. GA: citizens of one state are allowed to sue the gov't of another state.
1793
Eli Whitney invents a gin to remove seeds from cotton, which revives the moribund institution of slavery by making the production of cotton in the South much more profitable.
1793
The 11th Amendment is ratified, effectively ovverruling Chisholm v. GA (1793), which had allowed a citizen of one state to sue another state.
1798
The Sedition Act criminalizes "false and malicious" criticisms of the President or Congress (but not of the Vice President). As construed, It reaches false opinions as well as false facts.
1798