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28 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Culture
The way of life of a group of people who share similar beliefs and customs.
Cultural Trait
A particular group's individual skills, customs, and ways of doing things.
Technology
Tools and the skills that people need to use them; the practical use of scientific skills, especially in industry.
Cultural Landscape
A landscape that has been changed by human beings and that reflects their culture.
Agriculture
Farming; includes growing crops and raising livestock.
Social Structure
The ways in which people within a culture are organized into smaller groups; each smaller group has a task.
Nuclear Family
A family unit that includes a mother, a father, and their children.
Extended Family
A family unit that may include parents, children, grandparents, aunts, uncles, cousins, and other relatives.
Ethics
The standards or code of moral behavior that distinguishes between right and wrong for a particular person, religion, group, profession, and so on.
Economy
A system for producing, distributing, and consuming goods and services.
Producers
A person who makes products that are used by other people.
Goods
Products that are made to be sold; cars, baskets, computers, paper are examples
Services
Work done or duties performed for other people, such as the work of a doctor or television repair person
Consumers
A person who buys goods and services.
Capitalism
An economic system in which people and privately owned companies own both basic and nonbasic businesses and industries.
Communism
An economic system in which the government owns all businesses and industries.
Socialism
An economic system in which the government owns most basic industries, such as transportation, communications, and banking; nonbasic industries are privately owned.
Monarchy
A system of authoritarian government headed by a monarch- usually a king or queen- who inherits the throne by birth.
Constitutions
A set of laws that defines and limits a government's power.
Representative Democracy
A system of government in which the people elect representatives to run the affairs of the country.
Dictator
A ruler who has complete power over a country.
Cultural Diffusion
The movement of customs and ideas from one culture to another.
Acculturation
The process of accepting, borrowing, and exchanging ideas and traits among cultures.
Habitat
The area in which a plant or animal naturally grows or lives.
Acid Rain
Rain whose high level of chemicals can pollute or damage the environment; usually caused by pollutants from the burning of fossil fuels.
Ozone Layer
The layer of gas in the upper part of the atmosphere that blocks out most of the sun's harmful ultraviolet rays.
Global Warning
Increase in the Earth's temperature due to the increasing amount of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere; if too much carbon dioxide, more heat is trapped, and temperatures increase.
Recycle
To reuse materials to make new products.